Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Three pellets on neck


Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Penny, Long Cross and pellets. Obv. +SIHTRC REX DYFLM, cross pattée behind neck and three pellets on neck variety. Rev. +FÆ REMI N M'Θ DYFL

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Penny, Long Cross and pellets. Obv. +SIHTRC REX DYFLM, cross pattée behind neck and three pellets on neck variety. Rev. +FÆ REMI N M’Θ DYFL

Description:

An Hiberno-Norse. Phase II Penny. Dublin mint attributed to Sihtric, King of Dublin, moneyer: Færemin.

  • References:
    • S.6122
  • A near-perfect example for the type, with no wear and very few detracting marks
  • Excellent ‘eye appeal’
  • Highly lustrous, bright silver in colour, with a light champagne tone

Obverse:

  • Draped bust left with three pellets on neck (one in each corner), cross patteé behind neck
  • Clear legend:
    • +SIHTRC REX DYFLM
      • (translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)

Reverse:

  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends and pellet in each angle
  • Blundered legend:
    • +FÆ   REMI    N M’Θ    DYFL
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Faeremin of Dublin”)

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

4 thoughts on “Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Three pellets on neck

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