Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: Wulfric of Worcester) – Ш on neck, pellet-in-annulet behind neck

Date: c. 1018-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Penny, Worcester mint, Penny, 17mm, 0.69g. Obv. ИHRNΛR∂ ΛN REX I, rev. PVLFRIC ON PIRH MΘINI


An Hiberno-Norse. Phase II Penny. Dublin mint attributed to Sihtric, King of Dublin, moneyer: Wulfric of Worcester (Weorgoranceaster) with draped bust left, Ш on neck, pellet-in-annulet behind neck.

  • Diameter: 17 mm
  • Weight: 0.69 g
  •  References:
    • SCBI 8 (BM), 111 (same dies); SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 104 (same dies); SCBI 32 (Belfast), 115 (same dies); SCBC 6126
  • A near-perfect example for the type, with no wear and very few detracting marks
    • Excellent ‘eye appeal’
  • Choice EF (gEF), toned.
    • Very rare in this grade


  • Draped bust left with Ш on neck, pellet-in-annulet behind neck
  • Clear, albeit badly blundered legend:
    • + ИHRNΛR∂ ΛN REX I
      • (possibly ??? translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)


  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in first three angles, Ш in fourth
  • Blundered legend:
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Wulfric of Worcester”)


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:


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