Portrait in Westminster Abbey, thought to be of Edward I

O’Brien Coin Guide: The First Irish Coinage of Edward I (c. 1276)

Introduction: Edward joined the Ninth Crusade to the Holy Land – a crusade which accomplished little and was, effectively, the last of the great crusades. By this time, the so-called crusader spirit had waned considerably and there was little appetite shown by the kings of Europe. It also foreshadowed the imminent collapse of the last remaining crusader strongholds…