Medieval banking had to overcome the dangers of the Usury Laws and the Italians did so by organising themselves into merchant banking societies, rather than acting as individual traders.

The Great Monetary Crisis of 13th C Europe and its effect on the Norman Colony in Ireland

Introduction: Medieval history is often taught as a power struggle between nobles fighting for control of their inherited lands via a series of military campaigns, often ending in a decisive battle that has been portrayed within a 19th century ‘nationalist’ mindset. My own education, from what I can remember of primary school and the old…

John (as Lord), Third coinage, Halfpenny, Dublin, Moneyer Thomas. rev. double cross pommée, THOMAS ON DV, DF 42 S.6207

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (Third Coinage, Dublin Mint / Tomas)

Date: 1198-1199 Description: Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Richard I (the Lion Heart) John as Lord of Ireland Third Coinage (Dominus / Cross Pommée Issue) Dublin Mint Moneyer: Tomas Hammered Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare Coin Review:…

John as Lord of Ireland (1172-1199) Halfpenny 0.75g., second coinage, group 1b, Dublin, NICOLAS ON DW, O'S.3-2, DF 39, S.6205

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (Second Coinage, Dublin Mint / Nicholas)

Date: 1190-1198 Description: Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Richard I (the Lion Heart) John as Lord of Ireland Second Coinage (Dominus / Cross Potent Issue) Dublin Mint Moneyer: Nicholas Hammered Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare Coin Review:…

John (as Lord, 1172-1199), Second coinage, Halfpenny, type Ib, Dublin, Adam, adam on dvv, 0.63g (S 6205, DF 39)

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (Second Coinage, Dublin Mint / ADAM)

Date: c. 1190-1199 Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Richard I (the Lion Heart) John as Lord of Ireland Second Coinage (Dominus / Cross Potent Issue)  Dublin Mint Moneyer: Adam Hammered     Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare Coin…

John (as Lord), Second coinage, Halfpenny, type 1b, Waterford, Wilmus, [—]llmvs on wa, 0.63g (S 6210, DF 39). Old Currency Exchange Dublin, Ireland. Irrish coin dealer Irish hammered coinage

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (Second Coinage, Waterford Mint / Willmus)

Date: c. 1190-99 Description: Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Richard I (the Lionheart) John as Lord of Ireland Second Coinage (Dominus / Cross Potent Issue) Waterford Mint Moneyer: Willmus Hammered     Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare…

John as Lord of Ireland - Dublin / Norman - Cross Potent Halfpenny 1190-1198 AD. Second coinage, group I

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (Second Coinage, Dublin Mint / Norman)

Date: 1190-1198 Description: Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Richard I (the Lion Heart) John as Lord of Ireland Second Coinage (Dominus / Cross Potent Issue) Dublin Mint Moneyer: Norman Hammered Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare Coin Review:…

John, as Lord of Ireland, 1185 (First Coinage, Profile Issue) Halfpenny, Dublin, ROGER

Irish Coin Daily: Prince John’s Silver Halfpenny (First ‘Profile’ Coinage, Uncertain Mint / Roger)

Date: c. 1185 Country: Ireland Category: Anglo-Norman House of Anjou Angevin Henry II John as Lord of Ireland First Coinage (Profile Issue) Dublin Mint Moneyer: Roger Hammered     Further Reading: O’Brien Coin Guide: Why did Henry II not issue coins under his own name for Ireland? O’Brien Rare Coin Review: John, Lord of Ireland, 1179 (First…