Hiberno-Norse. temp. Murchad mac Diarmata. 1052-1070. AR Penny (18mm, 0.50 g, 9h). Phase IV coinage, Facing bust/Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. Struck circa 1055/60-1065/70. IIIIIIIIIII•III[...] II•I[...]IIII, schematized facing bearded head: pellet-in-annulet eyes, annulet cheeks, curvilinear mouth and mustache with one pellet at end, and linear beard; annulet above / IIIIII III, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; in first and fourth angles, retrograde S with triple pellets at each end, “hand” symbol in second, and annulet-with-tail symbol in third. Blackburn 4, –; O’S 46 var. (symbol in third quarter); SCBI 8 (BM), –; cf. SCBI 32 (Belfast), 309; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 235; D&F 27; SCBC 6176. VF, toned, area of weak strike. Very rare.

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny, Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Facing Bust type

Date: c. 1055/60-1065/7 Description: Hiberno-Norse. temp. Murchad mac Diarmata. 1052-1070. Silver Penny (18mm, 0.50 g, 9h). Phase IV coinage, Facing bust/Long Cross type, thought to have been imitative of contemporary English coins of Edward the Confessor. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. Struck circa 1055/60-1065/70. Blackburn 4, –; O’S 46 var. (symbol in third quarter); SCBI 8 (BM), –;…

Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1055/60-1065. AR Penny (17mm, 1.06 g, 3h). Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. + IIII+IRIIONIIIOIIIO, draped bust left; numerous pellets around / IMI IIIL IIIIR IIIM, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; two pellets in first quarter, ‘hand’ symbol in second, trefoil of pellets in third, X and two pellets in fourth. O`S 22; SCBI 32 (Ulster), 310-5; D&F 25; SCBC 6134. VF, toned

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny, Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type

Date: c. 1055/60-1065 Description: Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1055/60-1065. AR Penny (17mm, 1.06 g, 3h). Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. O`S 22; SCBI 32 (Ulster), 310-5; D&F 25; SCBC 6134. Very Fine (VF) Toned Obverse: + IIII + IRIIONIIIOIIIO, draped bust left; numerous pellets around Reverse: IMI IIIL IIIIR IIIM,…

Phase III, Penny, bust left, two pellets in front of face and behind head, rev. long voided cross with hand in two quarters, blundered legends

O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C

The first locally produced Irish coinage was the so-called Hiberno-Norse coinage which was first minted in Dublin in about 995-7 AD under the authority of Sihtric III (aka Sihtric Silkenbeard), the Norse King of Dublin.  There is no evidence for the native Irish producing coins before this, so it is likely that their economy was not coin-based.  The…