Checklist (Hammered)

The Irish Coin Cabinet, Irish Coin Ddatabase, Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland

This page is a perpetual “work-in-progress” and will be updated daily via daily Irish Coin Cabinet posts. In time, it will become a “check-list” for Irish coin collectors, detectorists and anyone looking for basic information + an image on individual Irish “hammered” coins and their major die variations.

Proto-Currency

Hiberno-Norse Kingdom of Northumbria

Hiberno-Norse Kingdom of York

  • Anlaf Guthfrithsson
    • Silver penny c. 939-941
      • Flower type. York mint / Moneyer: Ingelgar

Hiberno-Norse Kingdom of Dublin

  • Phase I

  • Contemporary Copies of English Anglo-Saxon Pennies in the name of Sihtric
    • All Dublin Mint, unless stated otherwise

      • Class A – Crux issue (King Aethelred II)
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: ARCETEL
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: ASCETEL
        • in the name of Sihtric’ / Moneyer: EOLE
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: FASTOLF
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: LIOELF
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: REOLECE
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: WULFGAR
      • Class B – Long Cross issue (King Aethelred II)
      • Class C – Helmet issue (King Aethelred II) 
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: CAR
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: FAEREMIN
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: GODRIC
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: SIULF
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: Unknown
      • Class D – Small Cross issue (King Aethelred II)
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: Unknown 
          • English Mint(s) & Moneyer(s)
          • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: ANRTHORR (of York)
          • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: BYRHTIOTH (of Winchester)
      • Class E – Quatrefoil issue (King Cnut)
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: FAEREMIN
        • in the name of ‘Sihtric’ / Moneyer: STENG (STEGEN)
      • Class F – Pointed Helmet issue (King Cnut)
  • Phase II

  • Later Long Cross Penny Imitations in the name of Sihtric
  • Phase III

  • Long Cross and Hands issues
    • ? Mint (Presumably, Dublin)
  • Phase IV

  • Scratched Die Issues
  • Phase V

  • Crude Imitative Issues
    • ? Mint (Presumably, Dublin)
      • Draped bust left,
      • Draped bust left, with hand on Neck + reverse similar to William I “Two Stars type”
      • Crude bust right, derivative of Edward the Confessor small flan type,
      • Facing bust + birds type
      • Facing Bust + symbols type
  • Phase VI

  • Degraded Long Cross Imitations
    • ? Mint (Presumably, Dublin)
  • Phase VII

  • Semi Bracteates and Bracteates
    • ? Mint (Presumably, Dublin)

Hiberno-Manx

  • Contemporary Copies of Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Pennies

Late Medieval Gaelic Regnal Coinage ???

Anglo-Norman

  • Henry II

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
    • John, as Lord of Ireland, 1185 (First Coinage, Profile Issue)
    • John de Courcy, Lord of Ulster & Connacht, 1185 (First Coinage)
      • Downpatrick Mint
        • Halfpenny
          • Farthing
  • Richard I (the Lion Heart) 

  • issued no Irish (or English) coinage in his own name
    • John, as Lord of Ireland, 1190-98 (Second Coinage, Dominus / Cross Potent Issue)

    • John de Courcy, Lord of Ulster, 1195 (Second ‘Anonymous’ Coinage)

      • Carrickfergus Mint
        • Farthing
      • Downpatrick Mint
    • John, as Lord of Ireland1198-99 (Third Coinage, Dominus / Cross Pommée Issue)

      • Dublin Mint
      • Carrickfergus Mint
        • Halfpenny (ROBERD)
      • Limerick Mint
        • Halfpenny (SIWARD)
      • Waterford Mint
        • Halfpenny (GAIFRI)
        • Halfpenny (WILLELMUS)
  • John

    • John, as Lord of Ireland1198-120? (Third Coinage, REX / Cross Pommée Issue)

      • Carrickfergus Mint
        • Halfpenny (SALMO)
        • Halfpenny (THOMAS)
    • The Irish Coinage of King John (REX issue)

      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny (ROBERD)
          • Halfpenny (ROBERD)
            • Farthing (ROBERD)
        • Penny (WILLEM)
          • Halfpenny (WILLEM)
            • Farthing (WILLEM)
      • Limerick Mint
        • Penny (WACE)
          • Halfpenny (WACE)
            • Farthing (WACE)
        • Penny (WILLEM)
          • Halfpenny (WILLEM)
      • Waterford Mint
        • Penny (WILLEM)
          • Halfpenny (WILLEM)
  • Henry III

    • Dublin Mint
    • Group 1
      • Class 1a – Double triangle, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
      • Class 1b – Single triangle, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 1c – Sexfoil in bottom right-hand corner, small triangle on band of crown
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 1d – Sexfoil in bottom right-hand corner, double band on the crown
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
    • Group 2
    • Dublin Mint
      • Class 2a – Small or no shoulders on bust
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2b – Jewelled/ornate crown, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2c – Three curls to either or both sides of the face (normally only 2)
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2d – Extra wide shoulders
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
  • Edward I

    • 1st Irish Coinage (1276)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny (in the name of Henry III)
    • 2nd Irish Coinage (1280-83)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
        • Farthing
    • 3rd Irish Coinage (1294-1302)
      • Dublin Mint
        • ?
    • 4th Irish Coinage (1294)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
    • 5th Irish Coinage (1295)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
    • 6th Irish Coinage (1300)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
        • Farthing
  • Edward II 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Edward III

    • Dublin Mint
      • Penny – probably issued but no specimens found
      • Halfpenny
      • Farthing
  • Richard II 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry IV 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry V 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry VI (First Reign, 14-)

  • Edward IV (First Reign, 1460-70)

    • First ‘Anonymous’ Issue (1460-1462)
      • Groat
      • Copper Half Farthing (Patrick)
    • Titled Crown Issue (1463-64)
      • Groat
    • Heavy Portrait / Cross & Pellets Issue (1465-66)
      • Groat (Dublin Mint)
      • Half-Groat
      • Penny
      • Halfpenny
    • Doubles Issue (1467)
      • Double Groat
      • Groat
    • Rogue Mint issues (1467-75)
      • ? (Cork Mint)
      • ? (Wexford Mint)
  • Henry VI (Second Reign, 1470-71)

  • issued no Irish coinage during his ‘brief’ second reign
  • Edward IV (Second Reign, 1471-83)

    • Portrait, Cross & Pellets issue (1470-72)
      • ?
    • Light Cross & Pellets issue (1472-75)
      • ?
    • Transitional issues (1475)
      • ?
    • Light Cross & Pellets (annulets) issue (1475-78)
      • ?
    • Cross on Rose / Sun issue (1478)
      • ?
    • Portrait Sun and Rose / Rose on Cross issue (1478-83)
  • Richard III

    • Roses on Cross (1483)
      • Groat
    • Three Crowns (1483-85)
      • Groat
      • Half Groat – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Penny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Halfpenny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Farthing – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)

Tudor

  • Henry VII

    • Three Crowns issue (1483-87)
    • Geraldine issue
    • Portrait issue (1490-1505)
      • Groat
      • Half Groat – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Penny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Halfpenny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Farthing – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
  • Henry VIII

    • 1st Irish Coinage (Harp issues)
      • Groat, crowned “H” and “A” (for Henry and Anne Boleyn, 1534-35)
      • Groat, crowned “H” and “I” (for Henry and Jane Seymour, 1536-37)
      • Groat, crowned “H” and “K” (for Henry and Katherine Howard, 1540)
      • Half-Groat
    • 2nd Irish Coinage (King Alone issues)
  • Edward VI

  • Mary I

    • Shilling
    • Groat
    • Half-Groat
    • Penny
  • Philip & Mary

    • Shilling (1553-54)
    • Groat (1555-58)
    • Penny
  • Elizabeth I

    • 1st Irish Coinage (de-based silver, 1558)
    • Seated Greyhound ‘Countermark’ on Edward VI Irish Shilling (1560)
    • 2nd Irish Coinage (fine silver, 1561)
      • Shilling
      • Groat
    • 3rd Irish Coinage (de-based silver, 1601-02)
      • Shilling
      • Sixpence
      • Threepence
      • Copper Penny
      • Copper Halfpenny

House of Stuart

  • James I

    • 1st Irish Coinage (1603-04)
      • Shilling
      • Sixpence
    • 2nd Irish Coinage (1604-07)
  • Charles I

    • Emergency Coinage / Coins of Necessity
      • 1642 Inchiquin Money
      • 1642 Annulet Money
        • Ninepence
        • Sixpence
        • Fourpence (Groat)
        • Threepence
      • 1642 Dublin Money
        • Crown
        • Halfcrown
      • 1642-43 Confederate Catholic Coinage
      • 1643-44 Ormonde Money
        • Crown
        • Halfcrown
        • Shilling
        • Ninepence
        • Sixpence
        • Fourpence (Groat)
        • Threepence
        • Twopence (Half Groat)
      • 1646 Blacksmith Money 
        • Halfcrown
      • 1646 Ormonde Gold Pistoles
      • 1646-47 Coinage of the Southern Cities of Refuge
        • Bandon (Bandon Bridge)
          • Farthing
        • Cork
          • Shilling
          • Sixpence
          • Farthing
        • Kinsale
          • Farthing
        • Youghal
          • Farthing
      • 1649 Post-Mortem Ormonde Money
        • Crown
        • Halfcrown

Interregnum

  • Oliver Cromwell, as Lord Protector – issued no Irish coinage during his term of office
    • The Commonwealth issued English silver and gold coins which circulated in Ireland
      • Parliament suspended the royal patents to produce copper farthings, resulting in a chronic shortage of small change in Ireland
        • various small traders issued unofficial tokens
  • Thomas Cromwell, as Lord Protector – issued no Irish coinage during his term of office
    • small traders continued to issue unofficial tokens
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