Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class D – Small Cross), Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: ÆLFRELN of Dublin)


Date: c. 995-1015

Hiberno-Norse Penny, Phase I, Class D Small Cross (Sithric), 1.39g, Moneyer Ælfrel (SCBI BM 50, S 6117)

Description:

An Hiberno-Norse Phase I, Class D (Small Cross) Silver Penny. Dublin mint, moneyer: Ælfreln.

  • Weight: 1.39 g
  • References:
    • SCBI BM 50, S 6117
  • Well-struck on a neat round flan, some die wear otherwise lightly toned and well centred.
    • One peck mark on reverse
  • Good VF (gVF)
  • A scarce coin

Obverse:

  • Diademed and draped bust left
  • Slightly blundered legend:
    • + TIHTRC RE DYFLNM
      • (translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)

Reverse:

  • Small cross pattée
  • Unusually clear legend:
    • + AELF REL NMO DYFLIM
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Ælfreln of Dublin”)

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 1
      • Class D (Small Cross Issue)
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • Early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

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