Hiberno-Norse Phase 1, Class C – Helmet Type) Silver Penny 1.16g Aethelred II + æÐelræÐ rex aip, Chester, Gunleof + gm nleo fn°o leigi. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class C – Helmet Type) in the name of Æthelred II / Moneyer: Gunleof (of Chester)

Date: c. 1009-1011 Description: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny, Phase 1, Class C (Imitating Æthelred II Helmet type). Struck in the name of Æthelred II. Chester mint signature, Moneyer: Gunleof Diameter: 18 mm Weight: 1.16 g References: Blackburn, Studies in Late Anglo-Saxon Coinage, pp 11-24, dies 3/16 = this coin; Chown, SNC 1989, pp. 256-257; Seaby 6116…

Hiberno-Norse. Phase I (Sihtric Anlafsson). Circa 995/7-1020. AR Penny (18mm, 1.01 g, 6h). Imitating Æthelred II Helmet type. Dublin mint; Færemin, moneyer. Struck circa 1004-1010. + ÆÐELRÆD RE+ Λ(NG)L•, bust left wearing armor and radiate helmet / + FÆ NEM NMΘ ÐУHI, voided long cross, with pellet in centre and triple crescent ends, over square with trefoil at each point. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class C – Helmet Type) in the name of Æthelred II / Moneyer: Faeremin (of Dublin)

Date: c. 1009-1011   Description: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny, Phase 1, Class C (Imitating Æthelred II Helmet type). Struck in the name of Æthelred II. Dublin mint signature, Moneyer: Faeremin Diameter: 18 mm Weight: 1.01 g References: Blackburn, Hiberno -; SCBI 8 (BM), 39 var. (legends); O’S -; D&F 15; SCBC 6113 Near Extremely Fine (nEF),…

Hiberno-Norse, imitation Penny in the name of Aethelred (978-1016), Helmet type, 0.92g, Dublin, Faremin, armoured bust, (S.6115), very rare.

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class C – HELMET Type) / Moneyer: FAEREMIN of Dublin

Date: 1009-1011 Hiberno-Norse, Phase I, Class C   Imitation Penny in the name of Aethelred, Helmet type, 0.92g, perforated in a few places and cracked, otherwise very fine and very rare. (S.6115) Obverse: Armoured bust left with radiate helmet FAEREMIN (moneyer) Reverse: Long cross voided, each limb terminating in three crescents over square with trefoil…

Phase III, Penny, bust left, two pellets in front of face and behind head, rev. long voided cross with hand in two quarters, blundered legends

O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C

The first locally produced Irish coinage was the so-called Hiberno-Norse coinage which was first minted in Dublin in about 995-7 AD under the authority of Sihtric III (aka Sihtric Silkenbeard), the Norse King of Dublin.  There is no evidence for the native Irish producing coins before this, so it is likely that their economy was not coin-based.  The…