1686 James II regal halfpenny for Ireland (Knox halfpenny)

O’Brien Coin Guide: Knox & Moore’s ‘Patent’ Irish Halfpennies for James II

Although Armstrong & Legge’s patent to produce copper halfpennies for use in Ireland was confirmed by James II, these coins were actually minted by Sir John Knox, the Lord Mayor of Dublin.  On the 17th June 1685, they transferred this patent by deed of appointment to Sir John Knox for the remainder of the time…

William & Mary, halfpenny, 1692, (S6597) Edge flaw, good very fine and scarce

O’Brien Coin Guide: Irish ‘Regal Halfpennies’ of William & Mary

In 1660, the crown prince (later James II) married Anne Hyde, daughter of Charles II’s chief minister and they had two surviving children, Mary and Anne (both raised as Protestants) but in 1669, Prince James converted to Catholicism and took a stand against a number of anti-Catholic moves, including the Test Act of 1673. This…

O’Brien Coin Guide: Maltravers ‘Patent’ Farthings (1634-36) for Charles I

Introduction In 1634 another farthing patent was issued, to Henry Howard, (Lord Maltravers) and Sir Francis Crane, their issues being known as Maltravers Farthings. Howard had married Lady Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of Esme Stuart, 3rd Duke of Lennox in 1626, so this patent was ‘passed on’ to yet another member of the royal family. The other…