1862 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (Victoria, Bun Head) uncirculated

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Farthings (Victoria)

Background The bronze Coinage of Queen Victoria was introduced in the year 1860, to replace the copper coinage first inaugurated by Charles II in 1672. This new alloy for coinage had several advantages over the old copper coins:- it was lighter, cheaper and had greater hardness / durability But bronze is not as easy to…

1902 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (Edward VII)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Farthings (Edward VII)

Background: Victoria, at that time, was the longest serving British monarch in history, so her son Edward was an old man by the time he succeeded her. Not a lot happened in terms of numismatic innovation during his short reign but it is, perhaps, worth mentioning that James Joyce had a few things to say…

1936 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (George V)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Farthings (George V)

Background: After the formation of the Irish Free State in 1922, UK currency remained the formal currency of the Irish Free State until 1928. After this date, UK coins continued to circulate alongside the Irish coins right up until Decimalisation (1971) and well into the 1970s. Irish Free State farthings were minted in London by…

1943 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (George VI)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Farthings (George VI)

Background: Edward VIII advised the Royal Mint that he wanted a modern coinage to reflect a modern Britain but, after his abdication, it was his younger brother (George VI) who inherited his new designs – the first of which was the farthing. A European Wren replaced Britannia on the reverse. This bird motif was similar…

1956 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (Elizabeth II)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Farthings (Elizabeth II)

Background: By the 1950s, the farthing had pretty much lost its spending power and there were calls for its withdrawal. An average of 20 million farthings per year were produced during the reign of George VI but inflation made these coins virtually obsolete during Elizabeth’s early reign. The Royal Mint stopped producing them in 1956…

1844 GB & Ireland copper farthing (Victoria)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Copper Farthings (Victoria)

Background Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820. She inherited the British throne at the age of 18, after her father’s three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate…

1831 GB & Ireland copper farthing (William IV)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Copper Farthings (William IV)

Background William IV was the third son of George III, William succeeded his elder brother George IV, as the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain’s House of Hanover. Since his two older brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old. King of the United Kingdom King…