Checklist (Anglo-Norman)

Irish coin cabinet 7

This page is a perpetual “work-in-progress” and will be updated daily via daily Irish Coin Cabinet posts. In time, it will become a “check-list” for Irish coin collectors, detectorists and anyone looking for basic information + an image on individual Irish “hammered” coins and their major die variations.

To find something quickly on this long page, press the Ctrl key + F – a search box will appear on the bottom left of your screen. Type the word you are looking for and click on the down arrow (to go to that word).


Anglo-Norman

  • Henry II

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
    • John, as Lord of Ireland, 1185 (First Coinage, Profile Issue)
    • John de Courcy, Lord of Ulster & Connacht, 1185 (First Coinage)
      • Downpatrick Mint
        • Halfpenny
          • Farthing
  • Richard I (the Lion Heart) 

  • issued no Irish (or English) coinage in his own name
  • John

  • Henry III

    • Dublin Mint
    • Group 1
      • Class 1a – Double triangle, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
      • Class 1b – Single triangle, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 1c – Sexfoil in bottom right-hand corner, small triangle on band of crown
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 1d – Sexfoil in bottom right-hand corner, double band on the crown
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
    • Group 2
    • Dublin Mint
      • Class 2a – Small or no shoulders on bust
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2b – Jewelled/ornate crown, cinquefoil in bottom right-hand corner
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2c – Three curls to either or both sides of the face (normally only 2)
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
      • Class 2d – Extra wide shoulders
        • Moneyer: Davi (David of Enfield)
        • Moneyer: Ricard (Richard Bonaventure)
  • Edward I

    • 1st Irish Coinage (c. 1276)
      • Distinguishing features:
        • Edward continued to use the ‘long cross’ reverse style of Henry III
        • A trefoil of pellets below the truncation of Edward’s bust
        • one pellet often being hidden in the drapery
        • no symbols before the E of EDW
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
    • 2nd Irish Coinage (1280-83)
      • Distinguishing features:
        • New reverse design (cross and pellets) and no moneyer’s name
        • Crowned bust in triangle, trefoil of pellets on breast
        • A pellet before the E of EDW
        • A Roman ‘N’ on the reverse (Dublin coins only)
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
          • Class 1a – no ‘punctuation’ in obverse legend
          • Class 1b – pellet before ‘EDW’ in obverse legend
          • Class 1c – Lombardic ‘N’ in reverse legend
          • Contemporary forgery (blundered reverse legend)
        • Halfpenny
        • Farthing
      • Waterford Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
        • Farthing
    • 3rd Irish Coinage (1294-1302)
      • Distinguishing features:
        • A trefoil of pellets below the bust
        • A small cross ‘+’ before EDW on the obvers,
        • or a Lombardic ‘N’ in the reverse legend
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
    • 4th Irish Coinage (1294)
      • Distinguishing features:
        • A rose on breast of the king (in place of trefoil in earlier issues)
      • Dublin Mint
      • Waterford Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
    • 5th Irish Coinage (1295)
    • 6th Irish Coinage (1300)
      • Distinguishing features:
        • A single pellet below bust but not in the other angles of triangle
      • Dublin Mint
        • Penny
        • Halfpenny
        • Farthing
  • Edward II 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Edward III

    • Dublin Mint
      • Penny – probably issued but no specimens found
      • Halfpenny
      • Farthing
  • Richard II 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry IV 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry V 

  • issued no Irish coinage in his own name
  • Henry VI (First Reign, 1422-61)

  • Edward IV (First Reign, 1461-70)

Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death. He was the first Yorkist King of England. Before becoming king, he was Duke of York, Earl of March, Earl of Cambridge and Earl of Ulster. His Irish coinage comprised 4 different issues and what has been explained by Irish numismatists as ‘rogue’ issues from mints of Cork and/or Wexford.

  • First ‘Anonymous’ Issue (1460-1462)
    • Groat (c. 45g) – all minted in Dublin
      • Large crown within tressure of nine arches
      • Large crown within tressure of nine arches, with crosses in top angles of tressure
      • Similar, but 8 arcs to tressure, small sun in each angle
      • Similar, but arcs of tressure fleured, with suns or rosettes in angles
      • Large rosette in each angle of tressure
    • Light Groat (c. 35g) – Dublin Mint
      • Large crown within tressure of nine arches
    • Penny – all minted in Dublin, unless otherwise stated
      • Large crown within tressure of nine arches
      • Similar, but with Crosses in top angle of tressures
      • Similar, but with Saltire below Crown
      • Large crown within tressure of 8 arches
      • Large crown, no tressure
      • Crown within tressure of fleured arcs (Waterford Mint)
    • Halfpenny
      • Crown within tressure of 7 arcs, pellets in angles (Dublin Mint)
    • Copper Half Farthing (Patrick)
  • Titled Crown Issue (1463-64)
    • Groat
      • King’s name & titles, large crown in tressure, annulets in spandrels, mm: rose (Dublin)
      • King’s name & titles, large crown in tressure, pellets in angles, mm: cross (Waterford)
      • King’s name & titles, large crown in tressure, annulets in angles of tressure, saltires by crown, mm: cross (Waterford)
    • Half-Groat
      • Dublin Mint
      • Waterford Mint
    • Penny
      • Dublin Mint
      • Waterford Mint
  • Heavy Portrait / Cross & Pellets Issue (1465-66)
  • Doubles Issue (1467)
    • Double Groat
      • Dublin Mint
      • Drogheda Mint
      • Trim Mint
    • Groat
      • Dublin Mint
      • Drogheda Mint
      • Trim Mint
    • Half-Groat
      • Dublin Mint
      • Drogheda Mint
      • Trim Mint
    • Penny
      • Dublin Mint
      • Drogheda Mint
    • Halfpenny
      • Dublin Mint (reported, but not confirmed?)
  • Rogue Mint issues (1467-75)
    • ? (Cork Mint)
    • ? (Wexford Mint)
  • Henry VI (Second Reign, 1470-71)

    • issued no Irish coinage during his ‘brief’ second reign
  • Edward IV (Second Reign, 1471-83)

From an Irish numismatic perspective, Edward IV’s second reign was a constant monetary policy battle between his own administration (who wanted good silver for tax payments, his Norman lords (who wanted a poorer quality coinage, so it would disappear across the water into the king’s coffers, and the new merchant classes (who wanted a better coinage, so they could trade internationally). These conflicting monetary policies produced no less than six different coinages in just two decades.  

  • Light Portrait, Cross & Pellets issue (1470-72)
    • Crowned head, plain breast, cross and pellets with an additional saltire in the first and third quarter (Waterford Mint)
    • ?
  • Light Cross & Pellets issue (1472-75)
    • ?
  • Transitional issues (1475)
    • ?
  • Light Cross & Pellets (annulets) issue (1475-78)
  • Small Cross on Rose / Sun issue (1478)
  • Portrait Sun and Rose / Rose on Cross issue (1478-83)
  • Richard III

    • Roses on Cross (1483)
      • Groat
    • Three Crowns (1483-85)
      • Groat
      • Half Groat – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Penny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Halfpenny – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)
      • Farthing – ordered to be minted but none found (yet)