Irish Coin Daily: Henry III Silver Penny, Class 2c (Ricard of Dublin)

The Irish Coin Cabinet - a daily magazine featuring just 'best of breed' example of Irish numismatics per day. It will eventually accumulate into one of the finest archives of Irish coins in the world

Date: c. 1251-1254

Henry III (1216-1272) Penny class 2c, Dublin, RICARD ON DIVE, three curls either side of head, pellet at base of sceptre head, 1.39g (S 6242, DF 58)

Henry III Penny class 2c, Dublin Mint (Moneyer: Ricard), three curls either side of head


Henry III silver penny, Dublin mint, Class 2c

  • Weight: 1.39g
  • References:
    • S 6242; DF 58

Suberbly struck, albeit slightly off-centre, showing clear design details

  • Almost Extremely Fine (aEF)
  • Scarce


  • Crowned facing bust, holding sceptre; cinquefoil to right, trefoil above
  • Three curls to the side of the face (normally only 2)
  • All within a double triangle
  • Legend:
    • Translates as: Henry III, King


  • Voided long cross, with trefoil in each angle
  • Legend:
    • Translates as: Ricard of Dublin (Richard Bonaventure)


  • Ireland


  • Anglo-Norman
    • House of Plantagenet
    • Angevin
  • Henry III
    • Class 2c
  • Hammered


In 1247, Richard (Earl of Cornwall & younger brother to King Henry III) was granted the right to strike new money for a period of 12 years in England, Wales and Ireland, in consideration of a substantial loan he had made to the king.

  • The agreement gave Richard half of profits of ‘the minting’ and ‘the exchange’
    • A new design of Long Cross coins were struck in England, commencing 1247
    • Coins for Ireland were not struck until 1251
      • Roger de Haverhull was put in charge of the Dublin Mint
      • Two moneyers’ names appear on the coins “Ricard” and “Davi”
        • They are likely Richard Bonaventure and David of Enfield
        • They were both moneyers at the London Mint
        • It is likely they produced the dies in London and sent them to Dublin, i.e. they operated in absentia
      • The Dublin Mint appears to have operated from 1251 to 1254
        • It is likely that all existing coinage in Ireland had been ‘re-coined’
        • After this, it was no longer profitable to operate a mint in Ireland
        • Only pennies were minted (no farthings or halfpennies)
        • Some of Henry III’s Irish pennies have been found cut in half (cut halfpennies) and in quarters (cut farthings) for use as small change
      • The archaeological evidence suggests that a large proportion of Henry’s Irish coinage was exported to England and France, thus draining the Norman colony in Ireland of its circulating coinage and limiting its economic development
        • Over 1,600 of Henry III’s Irish pennies were found in a hoard in Brussels in 1908
        • His Irish pennies were also copied as far away as Saxony

Other coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

  • Henry III, Dublin Mint (Voided Long Cross 1251-54). Gerry Slevin
  • Irish Small Silver (John – Edward VI).  Paul & Bente R. Withers

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