Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase I Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: BYRHTIOD of Winchester)


Date: c. 995-1015

Hiberno-Norse Penny, Phase I, Class B, SIHTRC REX DYFLN, rev. BYRHTIOD MO RINI, 1.30g (Dolley B1b, SCBI BM 40, SCBI Copenhagen 29, Lane 7, S 6104, DF 6

Hiberno-Norse Penny, Phase I, Class B, SIHTRC REX DYFLN, rev. BYRHTIOD MO RINI

Description:

An Hiberno-Norse Phase I, Class B Silver Penny. Winchester mint, moneyer: Byrhtiod.

  • Weight: 1.30 g
  • References:
    • Dolley B1b, SCBI BM 40, SCBI Copenhagen 29, Lane 7, S 6104, DF 6
  • Well-struck on a neat round flan, a bit crimped in places, otherwise good Fine (gF)
  • Three peck marks, suggesting transactional usage
  • Rare

Obverse:

  • Draped bust left with one pellet behind neck
  • Slightly blundered legend:
    • + SIHTRC REX DYFLN
      • (translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)

Reverse:

  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends and pellet in each angle
  • Unusually clear legend:
    • + BYRHTIOD MO RINI
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Byhrtiod of Winchester”)

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 1
      • Class B (Long Cross)
  • Hammered

 


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • Early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes (This is early Phase I @ 1.59g)
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

 


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s