Hiberno-Norse Penny, Phase I, Class B, SIHTRC REX DYFLN, rev. BYRHTIOD MO RINI, 1.30g (Dolley B1b, SCBI BM 40, SCBI Copenhagen 29, Lane 7, S 6104, DF 6

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase I Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: BYRHTIOD of Winchester)

Date: c. 995-1015 Description: An Hiberno-Norse Phase I, Class B Silver Penny. Winchester mint, moneyer: Byrhtiod. Weight: 1.30 g References: Dolley B1b, SCBI BM 40, SCBI Copenhagen 29, Lane 7, S 6104, DF 6 Well-struck on a neat round flan, a bit crimped in places, otherwise good Fine (gF) Three peck marks, suggesting transactional usage…

Hiberno-Norse Phase II, Class B, penny Sihtric, ZHITR · C RE + DY, oval eye, pellet in front, cross pommée behind, wishbone ornament on neck, Faeremin

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Pellet in front of bust + wishbone on neck

Date: c. 1015-1035 Description: An Hiberno-Norse. Phase II Penny in the name of Sihtric, King of Dublin. Dublin mint signature, moneyer: Færemin. Weight: 1.32 g References: Dolley A3/c; Roth, pl. iii, 52 SCBI BM 70ff; SCBI Ulster 96; Lane 35ff; S 6125; DF 23 Well struck, with an excellent portrait showing an unusual variety of…

Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. 995-1036. AR Penny (18.5mm, 0.85 g, 12h). Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature; 'Nerrnii,' moneyer. Struck circa 1018-1035. + HNTRC RE+ II·N[...], draped bust left; two pellets before, cross behind / + NER RNII II MO IEIT, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle. O'S –; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 82 (same dies); D&F 23; SCBC 6125. Good VF, toned, struck from worn dies.

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny (NERRNII)

Date: c. 1018-1035 Description: Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. Silver penny (18.5mm, 0.85 g, 12h). Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature; ‘Nerrnii,’ moneyer. O’S –; SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 82 (same dies); D&F 23; SCBC 6125. Good VF (gVF) Toned, struck from worn dies. Obverse: draped bust left; two pellets before, cross behind + HNTRC…

Phase III, Penny, bust left, two pellets in front of face and behind head, rev. long voided cross with hand in two quarters, blundered legends

O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C

The first locally produced Irish coinage was the so-called Hiberno-Norse coinage which was first minted in Dublin in about 995-7 AD under the authority of Sihtric III (aka Sihtric Silkenbeard), the Norse King of Dublin.  There is no evidence for the native Irish producing coins before this, so it is likely that their economy was not coin-based.  The…