Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Pellet in front of bust + wishbone on neck

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II, Class B, penny Sihtric, ZHITR · C RE + DY, oval eye, pellet in front, cross pommée behind, wishbone ornament on neck, Faeremin

Hiberno-Norse Phase II, Class B silver penny of Sihtric, King of Dublin (Moneyer: Faeremin)


An Hiberno-Norse. Phase II Penny in the name of Sihtric, King of Dublin. Dublin mint signature, moneyer: Færemin.

  • Weight: 1.32 g
  • References:
    • Dolley A3/c; Roth, pl. iii, 52
    • SCBI BM 70ff; SCBI Ulster 96; Lane 35ff; S 6125; DF 23
  • Well struck, with an excellent portrait showing an unusual variety of extra symbols
  • Slightly crimped, otherwise good very fine (VF)
  • Rare


  • Draped bust left with one pellet before, wishbone ornament on neck
  • Cross pommée behind neck
  • Slightly blundered legend:
    • + ZHITR · C RE + DY
      • (translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)


  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends and pellet in each angle
  • Blundered legend:
    • + FER EIII MΘ  DNE
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Faeremin of Dublin”)


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:




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