Irish Coin Daily: Henry III Silver Penny, Class 1a (Davi of Dublin)


The Irish Coin Cabinet - a daily magazine featuring just 'best of breed' example of Irish numismatics per day. It will eventually accumulate into one of the finest archives of Irish coins in the world

Date: c. 1251-1254

Henry III Silver Penny (18mm, 1.49 g). Group Ib. Dublin mint, David, moneyer, crowned facing bust, holding scepter; cinquefoil to right

Henry III Silver Penny, Class 1b. Dublin mint (Moneyer: David of Enfield)

Description:

Henry III silver penny, Dublin mint, Class 1b

  • Weight: 1.49g
  • Diameter: 18mm
  • Good Very Fine (gVF)
  • References:
    • S.6236, DF 54

Obverse:

  • Crowned facing bust, holding sceptre; cinquefoil to right
  • All within a single triangle
  • Legend:
    • ЄNRI CVSR ЄXXII
    • Translates as: Richard III, King

Reverse:

  • Voided long cross, with trefoil in each angle
  • Legend:
    • DAV ION DIV ЄLI
    • Translates as: Davi of Dublin (David of Enfield)

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Anglo-Norman
    • House of Plantagenet
    • Angevin
  • Henry III
    • Class 1b
  • Hammered

 


Notes:

In 1247, Richard (Earl of Cornwall & younger brother to King Henry III) was granted the right to strike new money for a period of 12 years in England, Wales and Ireland, in consideration of a substantial loan he had made to the king.

  • The agreement gave Richard half of profits of ‘the minting’ and ‘the exchange’
    • A new design of Long Cross coins were struck in England, commencing 1247
    • Coins for Ireland were not struck until 1251
      • Roger de Haverhull was put in charge of the Dublin Mint
      • Two moneyers’ names appear on the coins “Ricard” and “Davi”
        • They are likely Richard Bonaventure and David of Enfield
        • They were both moneyers at the London Mint
        • It is likely they produced the dies in London and sent them to Dublin, i.e. they operated in absentia
      • The Dublin Mint appears to have operated from 1251 to 1254
        • It is likely that all existing coinage in Ireland had been ‘re-coined’
        • After this, it was no longer profitable to operate a mint in Ireland
        • Only pennies were minted (no farthings or halfpennies)
        • Some of Henry III’s Irish pennies have been found cut in half (cut halfpennies) and in quarters (cut farthings) for use as small change
      • The archaeological evidence suggests that a large proportion of Henry’s Irish coinage was exported to England and France, thus draining the Norman colony in Ireland of its circulating coinage and limiting its economic development
        • Over 1,600 of Henry III’s Irish pennies were found in a hoard in Brussels in 1908
        • His Irish pennies were also copied as far away as Saxony

 


Other coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

  • Henry III, Dublin Mint (Voided Long Cross 1251-54). Gerry Slevin
  • Irish Small Silver (John – Edward VI).  Paul & Bente R. Withers

 

 

 

 

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