An Irish Halfpenny of Edward III (Dublin Mint)

O’Brien Coin Guide: The Unknown Irish Penny of Edward III

Introduction: In numismatic terms ‘unknown’ means that none have been found – therefore asking the question “did they ever exist?” There are many instances where we know of a king commanding that coinage be produced but none have been found. Ironically, when ‘one’ is found, we begin to ask another set of questions: Is it…

Edward I (1272-1307), Fifth Irish coinage, Silver Halfpenny, Cork Mint. Obv legend EDWR ANGLD NSHYB. Rev legend CIVI TAS CORC ACIE. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Irish Coin Daily: Silver Halfpenny of Edward I, 5th Coinage (Cork Mint)

Date: 1297-1302 Description: A rare Silver Half Penny of Cork in the name of Edward I. This piece is an example of his fifth coinage and was minted in Cork between the years 1297 and 1302. Edward’s mint in Cork closed in 1302. A well-struck example, showing well-defined legends (lettering) and portrait. Traces of silver…

Medieval banking had to overcome the dangers of the Usury Laws and the Italians did so by organising themselves into merchant banking societies, rather than acting as individual traders.

The Great Monetary Crisis of 13th C Europe and its effect on the Norman Colony in Ireland

Introduction: Medieval history is often taught as a power struggle between nobles fighting for control of their inherited lands via a series of military campaigns, often ending in a decisive battle that has been portrayed within a 19th century ‘nationalist’ mindset. My own education, from what I can remember of primary school and the old…

Mining in the 14th C - scenes from a medieval silver mine

Monetary Crisis (1369), as Richard II orders his colonists to search for silver and gold mines in Ireland

Following the death in 1376 of his father, Edward of Woodstock (the Black Prince), Richard became heir to his grandfather, King Edward III of England, whom he succeeded in 1377 at the age of ten. His reign of twenty-two years saw a number of domestic crises, from the Peasants’ Revolt (1381) to later conflicts with…

Edward III Halfpenny, Dublin mint

O’Brien Rare Coin Review: The Irish Coinage of Edward III (1339-40)

Introduction After Edward III, there was a gap in Irish coin production of over 120 years. What caused this? Was it an economic or political decision, or a combination of several different causal factors? Did the causal factors occur before and/or during the reign of Edward III ??? No coins would be minted in Ireland for…