1862 GB & Ireland bronze farthing (Victoria, Bun Head) uncirculated

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Farthings (Victoria)

Background The bronze Coinage of Queen Victoria was introduced in the year 1860, to replace the copper coinage first inaugurated by Charles II in 1672. This new alloy for coinage had several advantages over the old copper coins:- it was lighter, cheaper and had greater hardness / durability But bronze is not as easy to…

1870 GB & Ireland silver three-halfpence (Victoria) - proof

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Silver Three-Halfpence

Introduction: The ‘three-halfpence’ was the smallest silver coin ever struck by the Royal Mint for circulation. It was worth ​11⁄2d (or ​1⁄160 of a pound) and was produced for circulation in the British colonies, specifically for use in British Guiana, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Mauritius, Sierra Leone and the West Indies. They were a rough…

1844 GB & Ireland copper farthing (Victoria)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Copper Farthings (Victoria)

Background Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820. She inherited the British throne at the age of 18, after her father’s three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate…

1831 GB & Ireland copper farthing (William IV)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Copper Farthings (William IV)

Background William IV was the third son of George III, William succeeded his elder brother George IV, as the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain’s House of Hanover. Since his two older brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old. King of the United Kingdom King…

1826 GB & Ireland Farthing - Type II (couped, laureate bust)

O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Copper Farthings (George IV)

Background In 1825, in the middle of the reign of King George IV, the long-planned “customs and monetary” union of Great Britain and Ireland was enacted. From a numismatic viewpoint, the farthings of 1826 changed design – from “draped bust laureat” to The Irish pound was thence tied to sterling and almost “free trade” conditions…

1839 GB & Ireland Copper Half-Farthing (Queen Victoria). Type 1 reverse.

GB & Ireland – Half-Farthings

The Half-Farthing This denomination was issued (for the first time) in 1828 – just a year after the third-farthing for use exclusively in Ceylon (now independent and known as Sri Lanka). Unlike the quarter- and third-farthing, the half-farthing it was made legal tender in the UK & Ireland in 1842 via a Royal Proclamation by…

1820 £1 Alexanders Bank, Dublin (21 March 1820) no 4674

A Brief Timeline of Irish Banking Failures in the 18th & 19th C

Banking is a risky business. The recent financial crisis of 2007/08 is still fresh in the minds of the Irish public but there is almost three centuries of banking failures in Ireland – some were unfortunate, while others were fraudulent. And like nowadays, some got away with their crimes, while others went bankrupt and some…