Medieval banking had to overcome the dangers of the Usury Laws and the Italians did so by organising themselves into merchant banking societies, rather than acting as individual traders.

The Great Monetary Crisis of 13th C Europe and its effect on the Norman Colony in Ireland

Introduction: Medieval history is often taught as a power struggle between nobles fighting for control of their inherited lands via a series of military campaigns, often ending in a decisive battle that has been portrayed within a 19th century ‘nationalist’ mindset. My own education, from what I can remember of primary school and the old…

Ireland, Henry III silver penny (18mm, 1.37 g, 3h). Class Ia. Dublin mint, moneyer: Ricard, struck c. 1251-1254

Book Review: Henry III, Dublin Mint (Voided Long Cross 1251-54)

I don’t usually review books on Irish coinage but this one is an exception. Gerry Slevin, a native of Dublin, has just published the best book on Irish hammered coinage to date. It is filled with essential information, great photographs and a comprehensive set of legend and die variations. Gerry has previously published books on…