Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase I (Long Cross) Silver Penny, in the name of Sihtric (Dublin mint / Moneyer: Siel)

Date: c. 995-1015

Hiberno-Norse Phase I, Class B Long Cross Penny, 20mm 1.31g, Obv. SIHTRC RE+ ÐYFNI + Rev. + SIEL Θ ÐYF+LNIEIMIIV (O'S 3, Hilderbrand 72, SCBC 6103)


An Hiberno-Norse Phase I, Class B Long Cross Penny, Imitating Long Cross type of Æthelred II. Dublin mint; Siel, moneyer. Struck circa AD 1000-1010.

  • Diameter: 20 mm
  • Weight: 1.31 g
  • References:
    • O’S Type 3; Hilderbrand 72; SCBI 8 (British Museum), 22 (same dies); SCBC 6103
  • Some very light porosity under attractive tone, otherwise almost Extremely Fine (aEF)
  • A very rare moneyer


  • Draped bust left with pellet behind neck
  • Clear, legible obverse legend:
      • (translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)


  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends and pellet in each angle
  • Clear but blundered suffix to reverse legend:
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Siel of Dublin”)


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 1
      • Class B (Long Cross)
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • Early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes (This is late Phase I @ 0.10g)
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

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