Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Wheel on neck

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Penny, Dublin (Difilin), Phase II, blundered Sihtric of Dublin + moneyer Faeremin, wheel on neck, SCBI 32 (Ulster), 104-5, SCBC 6128


An Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny. Badly blundered legend but attributable to Sihtric, King of Dublin and his moneyer: Færemin at the Dublin mint.

  • Diameter: 18 mm
  • Weight: 1.06 g
  • References:
    • SCBI 32 (Ulster), 104-5; SCBC 6128
  • An unusual variant on a chipped flan, with an off-centre and blundered legend


  • Draped bust left with ‘wheel motif’ on neck
  • Incomplete and badly blundered legend:
    • Attributable to “Sihtric, King of Dublin”


  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends, and pellet & double pellets in alternating quarters
  • Badly blundered and incomplete legend:
    • Attributable to “Faeremin of Dublin”


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:


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