Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II (Long Cross & Pellets) Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin / Moneyer: Siult of Dublin


Date: c. 1018-1035

Hiberno-Norse / Hiberno-Scandinavian Phase II Silver Penny. Dublin mint attributed to Sihtric, King of Dublin and struck by Siult, moneyer of Dublin

Description:

An Hiberno-Norse / Hiberno-Scandinavian Phase II Silver Penny. Dublin mint attributed to Sihtric, King of Dublin and struck by Siult, moneyer of Dublin.

  • Diameter: 19 mm
  • Weight: 1.45 g
  •  References:
    • SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 62–3; SCBC 6122; O’S Type 3; Hildebrand 73
  • Some light deposits and a few minor marks. Lightly toned.
  • Almost Extremely Fine (aEF)
    • Very rare in this grade + a very rare Dublin viking moneyer

Obverse:

  • Draped bust left, with small cross pattée behind neck
  • Clear, readable legend:
    • + SIHTRC RE+ DYFLM
      • (Translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)

Reverse:

  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends; pellets in quarters
  • Slightly blundered legend:
    • + SIVLT MΘ DIFLINΛM
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Siult of Dublin”)

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered

Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
      • This example is, at 1.45 grammes, quite heavy for the genre
      • This places it at the beginning of Phase II

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

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