Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: Ndremin)

Irish coin cabinet 7

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Penny, Sihtric III Olafsson (19mm, 1.25 g). Long Cross type. Difelin (Dublin) mint; ‘Ndremin’, moneyer. Struck circa 1015-1035. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Difelin) and signature; (Ndremin) moneyer of Dublin.

  • Weight: 1.25 g
  • Diameter: 19mm
  • Toned, small striking fracture at center
  • Good VF (gVF)


  • O’S 10; D&F 23; SCBC 6122
  • SCBI 32 (Ulster), 58 cf. SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 66; cf. SCBI 8 (BM)



  • Draped bust left; cross pattée behind neck
    • Legend:
      • + ZINTRC RE DN
      • Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”


  • Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle
    • Legend:
      • + ND REMIN HO DyFLI
      • Blundered legend, but translates as “Ndremin of Dublin”



  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Further Reading:





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