Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: CARM)

Irish coin cabinet 7

Date: c. 1015-1035

Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: CARM) - rarest of the Phase II moneyers. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.


Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin, with Dublin mint signature of Carm (Moneyer of Dublin). An extremely rare moneyer.

  • Weight: 1.47 g
  • Diameter: 19mm
  • Extremely fine (EF), pretty much as struck
  • Extremely rare – possibly the rarest of all Phase II moneyers


  • SCBI BM –; S 6125; DF 23


Draped bust left; poorly executed cross pattée behind neck

  • Legend: +SIHTR RE+ DYFLM
  • Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”


Long voided cross, tiny pellet in each angle

  • Legend: + CARM NO DYFLINR
  • Slightly blundered legend, but translates as “CARM, moneyer of Dublin”



  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
      • Moneyer: Carm
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Further Reading:




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