Date: c. 1015-1035
Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin, with Dublin mint signature of Carm (Moneyer of Dublin). An extremely rare moneyer.
- Weight: 1.47 g
- Diameter: 19mm
- Extremely fine (EF), pretty much as struck
- Extremely rare – possibly the rarest of all Phase II moneyers
- SCBI BM –; S 6125; DF 23
Draped bust left; poorly executed cross pattée behind neck
- Legend: +SIHTR RE+ DYFLM
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”
Long voided cross, tiny pellet in each angle
- Legend: + CARM NO DYFLINR
- Slightly blundered legend, but translates as “CARM, moneyer of Dublin”
- Phase 2
- Moneyer: Carm
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C