Date: c. 1015-1035
Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Dublin mint signature + blundered name of Faeremin (moneyer of Dublin) – similar to Hiberno-Manx imitations of Feremin of Dublin
- See O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Manx Coinages of the mid-11th Century
- Toned, good very fine (gVF)
- Scratches on reverse
- Draped bust left; cross pattée in front of face, three pellets behind head
- + HNTRN REN FIN
- Badly blundered legend, uncertain attribution
- Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle
- + FIEREMNY O DHEI
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Feremin of Dublin”
- Phase 2
- Moneyer: Faeremin
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
Other Coins in this Series:
- Check List: Hiberno-Norse Coinage
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C