Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny – similar to Hiberno-Manx imitations

Irish coin cabinet 7

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase 1, Class B – Long Cross type similar to Manx imitations of Faeremin of Dublin. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Dublin mint signature + blundered name of Faeremin (moneyer of Dublin) – similar to Hiberno-Manx imitations of Feremin of Dublin

  • Toned, good very fine (gVF)
  • Scratches on reverse
    • Rare


  • S.6125


  • Draped bust left; cross pattée in front of face, three pellets behind head
    • Legend:
      • + HNTRN REN FIN
      • Badly blundered legend, uncertain attribution


  • Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle
    • Legend:
      • Blundered legend, but translates as “Feremin of Dublin”


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
      • Moneyer: Faeremin
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:




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