Date: c. 1018-1035
IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. 995-1036. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.30 g, 3h). Early Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Difelin (Dublin) mint signature; Steng, moneyer. Struck circa 1018-1035. Blackburn 4 –; O’S 10; cf. SCBI 8 (BM), 67 (for type); SCBI 32 (Belfast), 46 (same rev. die); D&F 23; cf. SCBC 6122.
- Almost Extremely Fine (aEF)
- Very rare moneyer
- Draped bust right; cross pattée behind neck; pellet in each angle of neck
- + (retrograde Z)IHTR(IC) RE+ DIFL
- Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle.
- + (retrograde Z)TE NGM O DУF LNIR
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C