Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Steng)


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Date: c. 1018-1035

IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. 995-1036. AR Penny (19mm, 1.30 g, 3h). Early Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Difelin (Dublin) mint signature; Steng, moneyer. Struck circa 1018-1035. + (retrograde Z)IHTR(IC) RE+ DIFL, draped bust right; cross pattée behind neck; pellet in each angle of neck / + (retrograde Z)TE NGM O DУF LNIR, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle. Blackburn 4 –; O’S 10; cf. SCBI 8 (BM), 67 (for type); SCBI 32 (Belfast), 46 (same rev. die); D&F 23; cf. SCBC 6122. Near EF, toned. Very rare moneyer.

Description:

IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. 995-1036. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.30 g, 3h). Early Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Difelin (Dublin) mint signature; Steng, moneyer. Struck circa 1018-1035. Blackburn 4 –; O’S 10; cf. SCBI 8 (BM), 67 (for type); SCBI 32 (Belfast), 46 (same rev. die); D&F 23; cf. SCBC 6122.

  • Almost Extremely Fine (aEF)
  • Toned
  • Very rare moneyer

Obverse:

  • Draped bust right; cross pattée behind neck; pellet in each angle of neck
  • + (retrograde Z)IHTR(IC) RE+ DIFL

Reverse:

  • Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle.
  • + (retrograde Z)TE NGM O DУF LNIR

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered

 


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.

Further Reading:

 

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