Date: c. 1018-1035
Hiberno-Norse. Sihtric III Olafsson. 995-1036. Silver Penny (17.5mm, 1.20 g, 7h). Phase II coinage, Long Cross type. Difelin (Dublin) mint signature; ‘Nirinn,’ moneyer. Struck circa 1018-1035. O`S 12 (same rev. die as illustration); SCBI 22 (Copenhagen), 88 (same dies); D&F 23; SCBC 6125A.
- Good VF (gVF)
- Draped bust left; inverted croizer behind
- + I?TRC RE+ IDIFHI
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”
- Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle
- + ?I RI? N HO DFII
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Nirinn of Dublin”
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C