Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (moneyer: Faeremin) – Two pellets in front of bust

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II silver penny, Dublin mint +Faeremin moneyer.  cross pattee behind neck + two pellets in front

An Hiberno-Norse Phase II silver penny, Dublin mint (Moneyer: Faeremin) with a cross patteé behind neck + two pellets in front


An Hiberno-Norse. Phase II Penny. Dublin mint, moneyer: Færemin.

  • Weight: 1.34 g
  • References:
    • S.6125, DF 23
  • Moderately struck on a flan of good metal
  • Nice light-iridescent tone


  • Draped bust left with two pellets before, cross patteé behind neck
  • Badly blundered legend:
      • (may translate as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”)


  • Long voided cross, with triple crescent ends and pellet in each angle
  • Blundered legend:
    • + FIE  REИI  ИMΘ  ИOIH
      • (translates as Moneyer = “Faeremin of Dublin”)


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:




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