Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class D – Small Cross Type) in the name of Sihtric / Moneyer: Colbrand (of Dublin)


Date: c. 1011-1016

Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class D – Small Cross Type) in the name of Sihtric / Moneyer: Colbrand (of Dublin)

Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny (Phase I, Class D – Small Cross Type) in the name of Sihtric / Moneyer: Colbrand (of Dublin)

Description:

Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny in imitation of an Æthelred II Last Small Cross Penny, Phase 1, Class D (Small Cross type). Struck for Sihtric (Silkenbeard) Anlafsson. Dublin mint, Moneyer: Colbrand. Superb condition for a coin of this period and one of the best I have seen.

  • Weight: 1.14 g

References: cf. SCBI BM 51 and Copenhagen 43; S 6117

  • Extremely fine (EF) and toned
    • Extremely rare

Obverse:

  • Diademed and draped bust left
  • Legend: +SIHTRIC REX DYFLN
    • Translates as: Sihtric, King of Dublin

Reverse:

  • Small cross pattée
  • Legend: +COLBRAND NΘ DMN
    • Translates as: Colbrand, Moneyer of Dublin

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase I
    • Class D (Small Cross issue)
      • Mint = Dublin
      • Moneyer = Colbrand
  • Hammered

 


Additional Information:

The British numismatist Michael Dolley classified Hiberno-Norse coins into seven distinct “phases”, covering a period of over 150 years.

About the year 995, Sihtric III “Silkbeard”, (also spelled Sitrick, Sigtrygg, Sitriuc and many other variants) King of Dublin, issued silver pennies that closely imitated the contemporary Anglo-Saxon coins of English King Aethelred II.

  • Some of Sihtric’s coins bear his own name, and spell out the name of Dublin (“DYFLIN,”); others simply copy the names of Aethelred and various English mints and moneyers.
  • These were the first coins struck in Ireland
    • The reason for issuing them was probably both
      • practical (to pay mercenaries)
      • symbolic (to enhance the king’s prestige by displaying his wealth and power)

Phase I coinage lasted 20-25 years, and went through several design changes.

  • The most common type imitates Aethelred’s “Long Cross” issue, bearing an obverse image of a bare-headed king draped in a cloak. The “voided cross” reverse could serve as a guide for cutting the coin into halves or quarters, since no smaller denominations were struck.
    • Class A          996-1001         Crux issue (King Aethelred II)
    • Class B        1002-1008          Long Cross issue (King Aethelred II)
    • Class C        1009-1011          Helmet issue (King Aethelred II)
    • Class D        1011-1016          Small Cross issue (King Aethelred II)
    • Class E        1016-1018          Quatrefoil issue (King Cnut)
    • Class F        1024-1030          Pointed Helmet issue (King Cnut) in the name of Sihtric – none known
    • Class ?        1024-1030          Pointed Helmet issue (King Cnut) in the name of Anlaf Sihtricsson – one ‘unique’ piece recently found

 


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:

 

 

 

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