Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: FAEREMIN). Mint Uncertain

Irish coin cabinet 7

Date: c. 1015-1035

Hiberno-Norse, Phase II, Penny, bust left, cross behind, Sihtric + Faeremin (Mint uncertain). The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.


An Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin, with uncertain mint signature (Moneyer: Faeremin).

  • Diameter: 18mm
  • Weight: 0.77g
  • Good Very Fine (gVF), toned


  • SCBI 8 (BM), 71-2; O’S -; D&F 23; SCBC 6125


Draped bust left; cross behind neck; two pellets in front of face.

  • Legend: +NИTRC REX HГИ
  • Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”


Long voided cross, two pellets in quadrant 1 and 3, one small pellet in each of the other quadrants.

  • Legend: + FÆR MRF MIӨ HFN
  • Blundered legend, but translates as “FAEREMIN, moneyer of ?”


  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
      • Moneyer: Faeremin
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’ but legible.

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Other Coins in this Series:

Further Reading:




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