Date: c. 1015-1035
An Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin, with uncertain mint signature (Moneyer: Faeremin).
- Diameter: 18mm
- Weight: 0.77g
- Good Very Fine (gVF), toned
- SCBI 8 (BM), 71-2; O’S -; D&F 23; SCBC 6125
Draped bust left; cross behind neck; two pellets in front of face.
- Legend: +NИTRC REX HГИ
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”
Long voided cross, two pellets in quadrant 1 and 3, one small pellet in each of the other quadrants.
- Legend: + FÆR MRF MIӨ HFN
- Blundered legend, but translates as “FAEREMIN, moneyer of ?”
- Phase 2
- Moneyer: Faeremin
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’ but legible.
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
Other Coins in this Series:
- Check List: Hiberno-Norse Coinage
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C