Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Silver Penny, Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type


The Irish Coin Cabinet - a daily magazine featuring just 'best of breed' example of Irish numismatics per day. It will eventually accumulate into one of the finest archives of Irish coins in the world

Date: c. 1055/60-1065

Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1055/60-1065. AR Penny (17mm, 1.06 g, 3h). Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. + IIII+IRIIONIIIOIIIO, draped bust left; numerous pellets around / IMI IIIL IIIIR IIIM, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; two pellets in first quarter, ‘hand’ symbol in second, trefoil of pellets in third, X and two pellets in fourth. O`S 22; SCBI 32 (Ulster), 310-5; D&F 25; SCBC 6134. VF, toned

Description:

Hiberno-Norse. Circa 1055/60-1065. AR Penny (17mm, 1.06 g, 3h). Phase IV (’scratched die’) coinage, Long Cross type. Uncertain mint signature and moneyer. O`S 22; SCBI 32 (Ulster), 310-5; D&F 25; SCBC 6134.

  • Very Fine (VF)
    • Toned

Obverse:

  • + IIII + IRIIONIIIOIIIO, draped bust left; numerous pellets around

Reverse:

  • IMI IIIL IIIIR IIIM, voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; two pellets in first quarter, ‘hand’ symbol in second, trefoil of pellets in third, X and two pellets in fourth.

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 4
      • Class A
      • Bust left / Long Cross type
  • Hammered

 


Additional Information:

The brief Phase IV (c. 1055 – 1065) saw further deterioration in the weight and workmanship of the coins. It was a chaotic period in Ireland’s Late Medieval history, with various minor kingdoms and clans competing for control of the coastal towns.

  • Hiberno-Norse rulers lost control of Dublin in 1052, and some of these Phase IV coins may have been struck at other locations, but we cannot be certain of where.
  • Phase IV coins are described as ‘scratched die’ types, because the design seems to have been crudely scratched into the dies, rather than carefully engraved.

Further Reading:

 

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