William the Marshal, one of John's most senior military leaders, by Matthew Paris

John’s 2nd Expedition in Ireland (as King of England, 1210)

Introduction Throughout John’s lordship, he attempted to stabilize the government in Ireland – which was no easy task given the treacherous Irish geo-political situation. England’s claim to Ireland started in 1154 with the Bull Laudabiliter, in which Pope Adrian IV gave a land grant to Henry II of England. The Pope gave Henry II this land…