Selected Mini-Biographies of the Great Irish Rebellion & English Civil War, 1641-52


This is a selected biography of this complex international conflict – sometimes known as the War of the Three Kingdoms. But it was much more than a war – it was a battle for the hearts and minds of the people that lived and worked in these three very different kingdoms. It began with a king who believed that his authority to rule was God-given and beyond any reproach or criticism. As head of his own church (the Episcopalian Church of England) he tried to impose this church on all three kingdoms when it was not even the dominant religion in England.

Along the way, we see a series of emergency coinages that reflect the varying fortunes of the main protagonists. These coins are amongst the rarest of our numismatic heritage and were a by-product of this complex religious, social, political, economic and military conflict.

This is a story that reflects a series of events that led from:

  • rule by an absolute monarch to the violent overthrow of the king
  • invasion by a republican government that destroyed the Old Gaelic feudal system
    • the death of 20% of the population of Ireland
    • followed by the forced removal of 75% of the remainder
  • rule by a military dictatorship across all three former kingdoms
  • collapse of the republican experiment and restoration of the monarchy
  • rule by a reformed, modern constitutional monarchy (albeit one that quickly collapsed due to the threat of Catholicism)

The biographies are written by learned third parties – much more qualified to do so than I. As such, it is a selection of what I could find online and it will be expanded as new sources of bibliographical information become available. As well as individuals, groups of people representing various political and religious factions of the 17th C are also included.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

V

W

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