O’Brien Coin Guide: 17th C Irish Tradesmens’ Tokens (Annamoe – Cowrey)


Although manufactured and used over 350 years ago, many of these tokens were issued with pretty much the same form of English as we use nowadays, with a few notable exceptions to their alphabet and spelling, e.g.

  • The letter “U” is always represented by the letter “V”, e.g. DVBLIN
  • There was no letter “J” in their alphabet – the letter “I” was used instead, IOHN (for JOHN) OR IOSEPH (for JOSEPH)
  • The letter “I” was also interchangeable with the letter “Y”, e.g. BALLY or BALLI

In addition to the above, spelling had not yet become standardised, so placenames and personal names are sometimes recorded in a number of forms, e.g. CORK and CORKE are the same place and no single version was deemed correct at the time – the placenames and tradesmens’ names only needed to be understood by the locals. Perhaps some represent the phonetically correct spelling according to local accents at the time.

Other examples include:

  • GALLAWAY, GALLWAY
  • LIMRICK, LYMRICK
  • WAXFORD

All thirty-two counties issued them except Mayo; Co’s Clare, Fermanagh and Leitrim have only one each whereas the city of Dublin issued one hundred and fifty – about 20% of the entire range.  It is not easy to list  them by county since several towns or cities now occupy ground in more than one county, e.g. Belfast is in both Antrim and Down, Limerick is in both Limerick and Clare, and Athlone occupies land in both Westmeath and Roscommon.

  • For the purpose of listing them here, I shall remain faithful to the original listing by placename
  • Most collectors are familiar with this, so a change might only be confusing.

Little is known about who issued them, since most were just small traders and people like them usually don’t get a mention in history.  Where possible, I have added scraps of information gleaned from local histories and local archaeological socieites.  These notes appear as purple-coloured italic text.


ANNAMOE (Co. WICKLOW)

Meldrum, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBART . MELDRVM = A lion rampant crowned.
  • Reverse: OF . ANAMO … = 1D.

Only one known example – ex-Lionel Lawford-Fletcher collection (now in British Museum)

ANTRIM (Co. ANTRIM)

Bethel, Matthew

  • Obverse: MATTHEW . BETHELL = An ornamented knot. 1671.
  • Reverse: POST . MSTR . IN . ANTRIM = M. B. 1D.

Crawford, Bryce 

  • Obverse: BRYCE . CRAFORD = 1657. 1D.
  • Reverse: ANTRVM . MARCHT = B . C. A merchant’s mark.

Crawford, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . CRAFORD = A merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: IN . ANTRVM . MERCHANT = 1656. Within a heart I, above it D.

Crawford, William

A variety, better engraved, having the date 1657, and the initial letters W . C.

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . CRAFORD = A merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: IN . ANTRVM . MERCHANT = 1657. Within a heart I, above it W. C.

Palmer, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . PALMER. IN = Unknown.
  • Reverse: ANTRIM . MARCHANT = Unknown.

Ross, Gilbert

  • Obverse: GILBERT . ROSS = Unknown.
  • Reverse: IN . ANTRIM = Unknown.

Shennan, Samuel

  • Obverse: SAMVELL . SHENNAN . 68 = A coat-of-arms, defaced.
  • Reverse: IN . ANTRM . MARCHT = S . S. 1D.

Steward, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . STEWARD . OF = A merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: ANTRIM . MARCHANTT = I . S. 1D.

Stewart, William

  • Obverse: WILL . STEWART . IN = 1D. 1656.
  • Reverse: ANTRVM . MARCHAN = W . S.

Vauch, John

  • Obverse: IOH . VAVCH . MARCHT = Arms : three boars’ heads.
  • Reverse: IN . ANTRIM = 1D.

White, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . WHITE . OF = The Grocers’ Arms.
  • Reverse: ANTRIM . MARCHANT = I . W . 1D.

Young, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBART . YOVNG = Unknown.
  • Reverse: DYER . IN . ANTRIM = R . Y. 1D.

AOLREE (Co . KILKENNY)

Pincklon, William

  • Obverse: WILL . PINCKLON = Device uncertain.
  • Reverse: IN . AOLREE = 1D.

ARDEE (Co . LOUTH)

Allen, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . ALLEN . OF . ARTHERDEE = Arms : three fishes hauriant, impaling a double-headed eagle displayed.  (See the same arms on the token of John Salmon, of Chester.)
  • Reverse: HIS . PENNY . 1670 = A goat.

Atkinson, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . ATKINSON . OF = St. George and the Dragon.
  • Reverse: ARTERDE . MARCHANT . HIS = 1D.

Roberey, Thomas

  • Obverse: THO . ROBEREY = 1D. 1670.
  • Reverse: MERCHANT . OF . ARDEE = T . R. and a merchant’s mark.

Skerne, Toby

  • Obverse: TOBY . SKERNE . 1666 = Arms : two castles and two lions rampant quarterly.
  • Reverse: IN . ATHERDEE . MAR = T . S. 1D.

ARKLOW (Co. WICKLOW)

Bayly, Joseph

  • Obverse: IOSEPH . BAYLY = Two grasshoppers under three castles, with flags.
  • Reverse: OF . ARCKLOW . MARCHANT = 1D.

Sheehan, Simon

  • Obverse: SIMON . SHEEHAN = A man on horseback.
  • Reverse: OF . ARKLO . MARCHA = 1D.

ARMAGH (Co. ARMAGH)

Davison, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . DAVISON . OF = A stag at full speed.
  • Reverse: ARDMAGH . 1671 = I. D.

Holmes, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . HOLMES = Two stars, an acorn, and two oak-leaves.
  • Reverse: OF . ARDMAGH . MAR = A merchant’s mark between I . H.

McConchy, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT . MC . CONCHY = A merchant’s mark
  • Reverse: OF . ARDMAGH . MART = A heart pierced with an arrow. 1D.

Sanders, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . SANDERS = Arms : three crescents (?).
  • Reverse: OF . ARDMAGH . MAR = 1D.

Sinkler, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . SINKLER . OF = A ship.
  • Reverse: OF . ARDMAGH . MERCHANT = In a heart I, above it D. I . S.

Taylor, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . TAYLOR . MARCHT = Armagh Cathedral.
  • Reverse: IN . ARDEMACH . 1664 = I . M . L. 1D.

ARTIKELY (Co. LONDONDERRY)

Hillhouse, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . HILLHOVSE . MARCH = A heart pierced with two arrows.
  • Reverse: OF ARTICILIE = I . H. Merchant’s mark.

ATHBOY (Co. MEATH)

Narlan, Matthew

  • Obverse: MATHEW . NARLAN = M . N . 1D.
  • Reverse: ATHBOY . MARCHANT = A lion rampant.

Riggs, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . RIGGS . MERC = A fleur-de-lys.
  • Reverse: IN . ATHBOY = I . R.

ATHENRY (Co. GALWAY)

Cloan, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . CLOAN . OF = A lion rampant and a harp.
  • Reverse: ATHENRY . MERCHANT = 1D.

ATHLONE (Co’s. WESTMEATH and ROSCOMMON)

The first charter of the town of Athlone was granted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1599 but nothing is known of its contents – a few years later, King James I renewed the charter.

Antrobus, William

  • Obverse: WILL . ANTRIBVS = A. A swan swimming.
  • Reverse: IN . ARTHLON = 1D.

There is still an Antrobus Arms Hotel in Athlone today, so the surname on the token seems to have blundered the name Antrobus for Antribus.

Coffy, Hugh

  • Obverse: HVGH . COFFY . IN = 1D.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHANT = A swan and castle.
  • Photo

Dowdall, Walter

  • Obverse: WALTER . DOWDALL . OF = Arms : per pale two martlets, on a chief another.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHANT = W . B . D.

Eaton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . EATON . OF = Arms of the Eaton family ; on a fesse three plates.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . CHANDLER = R. E.

Fallon, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . FALLON = 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLONE = A hand holding a pen.

Hill, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . HILL . OF = A stag and eagle.
  • Reverse: ATHLON . MARCHANT = W . H. 1656.

Hill, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . HILL . OF = A stag and eagle.
  • Reverse: ATHLON . MARCHANT = W . H. 1663.

Idate, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . IDATE = A bird flying.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLONE = W . E . I.

Kelly, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . KELLY . OF = 1D.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MERCH = Three fishes.

Kelly, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . KELLY . OF = 1D.
  • Reverse: ATHLOONE . MERCH = Three fishes.

Kelly, Walter

  • Obverse: WALTER . KELLY = 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLONE = A spread-eagle.

Lennon, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . LENON . OF = I . L. 1D.
  • Reverse: ATHLON . MARCHA = A stag at full speed.

Lorte, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . LORTE = A spread-eagle.
  • Reverse: IN . ATHLONE = W . L . D.

Malone, Nicholas

  • Obverse: NICHOLAS . MALONE = Arms : on a bend three crosses moline.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHANT = NM. conjoined.

Milles, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . MILLES . OF = A sugar-loaf
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHANT = 1D. 1656.

Mills, George

  • Obverse: GEORGE . MILLS . OF = A foliated branch erect.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHAN = 1D.

Morhad, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . MORHAD = A bird on a tree.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLON . MARCH = 1D.

Murphy, Martyn

  • Obverse: MARTYN . MVRPHY = Unknown.
  • Reverse: IN . ATHLONE . MARCHAN = Unknown.

Sadler, Aldrige

  • Obverse: ALDRIGE . SADLER = A . E . S.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLONE . BAKER = A wheatsheaf.

Slatter, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . SLATTER . = A checkered square.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHLONE . 1655 = I . S.
  • Photo

Smith, Stephen

  • Obverse: STEPHEN . SMITH . OF = A leather-cutter’s knife.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . SHOOMAKER = S . S. 1D.

W…n, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . W . . . N . OF = Three castles, one and two.
  • Reverse: ATHLONE . MARCHANT = R. W. 1D.

ATHY (Co. KILDARE)

Addis, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . ADDIS = 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHY . 1659 = A swan swimming.

Swanton, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . SWANTON = A lion rampant.
  • Reverse: EXCISE . OFFICE . IN . ATHY.  1D

Walsh, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . WALSH = A double-headed eagle.
  • Reverse: OF . ATHY . 1666 = 1D.

AUGHER (Co. TYRONE)

Morie, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . MORIE = 1D.
  • Reverse: IN . AVGHOR . MARCHT = A tree.

BALLINAKILL (QUEEN’S Co.)

Danell, Nicholas

  • Obverse: NIC . DANELL . OF = A heart pierced by two arrows.
  • Reverse: BALLNAKILL = N . D.

BALLINASLOE (Co. GALWAY)

Warner, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT . WARNER = POST MASTER.
  • Reverse: IN . BALLINISLOE = 1D.

BALLYBOY (KING’S Co. – now Co Offaly)

Hutchinson, Robert

  • Obverse: ROB . HVTCHINSON . 1668 = Crossed keys. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . BALLYBOY . MARCH = Two swords in saltire.

Maire, Thomas

  • Obverse: THO . MAIRE . OF = T . M . M.
  • Reverse: BALLYBOY . TANNER = An anchor.

BALLYJAMESDUFF (Co. CAVAN)

Dalin, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . DALIN . 1668 = I . E . D.
  • Reverse: BALLYIAMES . DVFFE = The Mercers’ Arms.

BALLYMOE (Co. GALWAY)

Lynch, Martin

  • Obverse: ARMS within a circle / MARTINE LYNCH
  • Reverse: M.L. / 1671 within a circle / BALLYMOE  MARCHT

BALLYMONEY (Co. ANTRIM)

Harper, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . HARPER . OF = A lion playing on a harp.
  • Reverse: BELLYMONY . MARCHANT = Two arrows in saltire on a heart.

Linne, Duncan

  • Obverse: DVNCAN . LINNE . MARCH = D . L . and a merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: BEEII . MONEY (sic) 1670 = A crane with a fish in its talons.

Sinkler, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . SINKLER . OF = Arms in a shield. 1D.
  • Reverse: BALLYMONEY = I . S. 1656.

BALLYMORE (Co. WESTMEATH)

Conner, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . CONNER . OF = A stork standing on its nest.
  • Reverse: BALLIMORE . MARCH = 1D.

Lynch, Martine

  • Obverse: MARTINE . LYNCH . OF = Arms.
  • Reverse: BALLOMORE . MARCHT = M . L. 1671.

Pettit, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . PETTIT . OF = A winged horse.
  • Reverse: BALLYMORE . MARC = 1D.
  • Photo

Tyrrell, Luke

  • Obverse: LVKE . TYRRELL . OF = 1D.
  • Reverse: BALLIMORE . MERCT = Two swords in saltire.

BALLYMORE EUSTACE (Co. KILDARE)

Law, Bathe

  • Obverse: PASCAL LAMB in centre / LAW BATHE
  • Reverse: L.P. / 1d within a circle / BALLIMOR EVSTACE

BALLYMOTE (Co. SLIGO)

Danniell, ?

  • Obverse: DANNIELL . . . . LY = A harp.
  • Reverse: BALLYMOATE . 1657 = 1D.

BALTIMORE (Co. CORK)

Prigg, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . PRIGG = A ship and castle.
  • Reverse: OF . BALTEMORE = W . P.

BANDON (Co. CORK)

Bandon Penny

  • Obverse: BANDON . PENIE . 1668 = Three castles.
  • Reverse: 1D.  BOYND . TO . CHANG . VS = B P and a merchant’s mark.

Bandon Corporation

  • Obverse: BANDONE . ARMES . 1670 = Three castles.
  • Reverse: CORPERASION . PENIE = A bridge of three arches.

This has been counterstruck with the letters B . B.  (Bandon was originally known as Bandon Bridge)

Case, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT CASE / 1d / BRIDGE
  • Reverse: BANDON BRIG FOOT

Wren, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . WREN . OF . 1659 = Arms : a chevron between three wrens.
  • Reverse: BANDON . BRIDEWELL = A building.

BANGOR (Co. DOWN)

Clearard, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . CLEALARD = A church.
  • Reverse: OF . BANGOR = An anchor. 1D.

Clearard, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . CLEALARD = An anchor and cable. 1657.
  • Reverse: OF . BANGOR = A church. 1D.

Moor, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . MOOR = Unknown.
  • Reverse: OF . BANGOR . 1657 = Unknown.

BELFAST (Co. ANTRIM)

Belfast Borough Penny

  • Obverse: BELFAST / 1671 / RIBBON in centre
  • Reverse: 1d / ship in full sail
  • Photo

Bigger, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . BIGGER . MARCHANT = B. A merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST . 1666 = 1D. within a heart.

Bigger, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . BIGGER = A bell. 1657.
  • Reverse: OF . BELFAST = I . B. 1D.

Bigger, Michael

  • Obverse: MICHAELL . BIGGER = A bell.
  • Reverse: OF . BELFAST = M . B. 1657

Bush, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . BVSH . BELLFAST (in four lines across the field).
  • Reverse: 1D. (filling the whole field).

Bush, John

Another, similar, reading BELFAST.  This and the preceding are curious, from the circumstance of being struck on French doubles Turnois, temp. Louis XIII. ; part of the former legend is still visible on both sides.

  • Obverse: IOHN . BVSH . BELFAST (in four lines across the field).
  • Reverse: 1D. (filling the whole field).

Chalmers, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . CHALMERS . IN = Arms of the Chalmers family quarterly, first and fourth a mullet ; second and third a fess checky.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MERCHANT = I . C . 1D. 1670.

Clugston, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . CLVGSTON = 1D. 1657.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST . 1657 = I . C.

Clugston, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . CLVGSTON . IN = 1D.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MARCHT = I . C.

Corry, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . CORRY . OF = 1D.
  • Reverse: BELLFAST . MARCHANT = I . C . 1656.

Dobbin, Humphrey

  • Obverse: HVMPHREY . DOBBIN . OF = Arms : a chevron between three annulets.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MARCHT . 1670 = Crest : a lion’s paw holding an arrow. 1D.

One of the 35 burgesses of Belfast, during the reign of James II

Duff, A.

  • Obverse: BELFAST . 1671 = A knot, or A . Duff.
    • (The device is uncertain ; it may be a device, or the name A. Duff in script being the issuer’s name.)
  • Reverse: A ship in full sail. 1 . D.
  • Photo

Duok, Hugh

  • Obverse: HVGH . DVOK = A bell. 1656.
  • Reverse: IN . BELLFAST = H . D.

Hugh Duok was “Sovereign” of Belfast in 1646, at which time it is recorded of him, that he made his mark, declining his full signature.

Eccles, Hugh

  • Obverse: HVGH . ECCLES . OF = Arms in a shield.
  • Reverse: BELLFAST . MARCHANT = 1D. in a heart.

Givan, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . GIVAN = A still.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST = Arms quarterly ; first, three stars ; second, a crescent ; third, a heart ; and fourth, a stag’s head.

Kilpatrick, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . KILPATRICK = A ship.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST . MARCHT = A bell. I . K.

Lockhart, William & Aitkin, Thomas

  • Obverse: WILL . LOKART . THO . AITKIN = Prince of Wales’s feathers. L . A.
  • Reverse: MERCHANTS . IN . BELFAST = Three crowns. (Heart-shape.)

Lockhart was the son-in-law of G.MicCartnay (another 17th C token issuer from Belfast)

Martin, George

  • Obverse: GEORGE . MARTIN . OF = R . M. within a merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MARCHAN = 1D. A bell. 1666.

George Martin was elected Sovereign (Mayor) of Belfast in 1649 but, due to the political difficulties of the Great Rebellion in Ireland and the Civil War in England, he never actually took up office. He refused to billet Confederate troops, who then pillaged his house, seized his goods and confiscated his estates.

Martin, George

Another token of George Martin’s, very similar to the above, is dated 1637, and has the initials G . M. on the merchant’s mark. This is a remarkable date, there being no other token prior to 1648 and in Ireland none earlier than 1653. The date is most probably an error for 1657.

  • Obverse: GEORGE . MARTIN . OF = G . M. within a merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MARCHAN = 1D. A bell. 1637.

Martin, Josiah

  • Obverse: IOSIAH . MARTIN = Unknown.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST . 1657 = Unknown.

MacCartnay, George

  • Obverse: GEO . MICCARTNAY = G . M.
  • Reverse: OF . BELLFAST = 1656

MacCartnay, George

  • Obverse: GEORGE . MICARTNEY = G . M. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . BELLFAST = 1657.

Moore, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . MOORE . IN = A ship.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MARCHANT = 1D. A bell.

Sinklar, Alexander

  • Obverse: ALEXANDER . SINKLAR = A ship.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST = A . S. 1D. 1657.

Smith, Henry

  • Obverse: HENRY . SMITH . IN = H . S. 1D.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . MERCHT = Arms of the Smith family : a saltire, a crescent in chief and a trefoil in base.

Smith, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . SMITH = W . S.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST = 1D.

William Smith was a wealthy merchant in Belfast who died in 1684 and left his son (David) the then huge sum of £3,600.  David Smith was Sovereign (Mayor) of Belfast in 1699 and, again, in 1700.  

Smith, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . SMITH = W . S.
  • Reverse: OF . BELFAST = 1657.

Speire, Hugh

  • Obverse: HVGH . SPEIRE . MARCHNT = H . S. A merchant’s mark.
  • Reverse: IN . BELFAST . HIS PENNY = The same as the obverse.

Steward, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . STEWARD . OF = A ship.
  • Reverse: BELFAST . 1656 = 1D. on a bell I. S.

Stewart, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . STEWART . HIS . 1D . 1657 = A bell I . S.
  • Reverse: THE . ARMES . OF . BALFAST = Arms : a ship.

Whitside, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT . WHITSIDE . IN = A ship.
  • Reverse: BELLFAST . MARCHANT = 1D. R. W. 1667.

The bell and ship on the Belfast tokens are the bearings in the Arms of the Borough.

BELLEMANOGH (Co. ANTRIM)

It is thought that this name refers to Ballymena, Co Antrim.

Adare, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . ADARE = A full-blown rose.
  • Reverse: IN . BELLIMINOCH = W . D . A. 1.

Boyd, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBART . BOYD . MAR = A squirrel seated on a mound.
  • Reverse: IN . BELLEMANOGH 1D.

Harper, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . HARPER. MARCHT = I . H. over a harp.
  • Reverse: IN . BELEMENOCKE = 1D.

Wallas, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . WALLAS . MARC = 1671. 1D.
  • Reverse: IN . BELLEMENOCK = I . W.

BELLINALEE (Co. LONGFORD)

Dolphin, The

  • Obverse: AT . THE . DOLPHIN = A dolphin.
  • Reverse: IN . BELLINALEE = P . C.

BELTURBET (Co. CAVAN)

Hares, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT . HARES . AT = A pair of shears.
  • Reverse: BELLTVRBEATT = 1D.

Harrison, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . HARRISON = A man and horse.
  • Reverse: BELTVRBAT . POSTMR = 1D.

BIRR (KING’S Co.)

Archer, Marcus

  • Obverse: MARCVS . ARCHER. OF = Coat-of-arms. 1D.
  • Reverse: BIRR . MARCHANT = M . N . A.

Archer, Marcus

  • A variety of above is countermarked HAPNEY, and probably passed for a halfpenny.

Archer, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . ARCHER = R . A. 1667.
  • Reverse: OF . BIRR . MARCHAN = Coat-of-arms.

Cantwell, Michael

  • Obverse: MICHAELL . CANTWELL = M . C. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . BIRR . MARCHANT = M . C. Arms of the Cantwell family : five annulets, a canton ermine.

Ieffes, Robert

  • Obverse: BY . ROBERT . IEFFES . OF . BIRR . TO . PASS . FOR 1D. (in six lines).
  • Reverse: IN . NECESSARY . CHAINGE . WITH . LABOVRERS . AN . OTHERS (in five lines).

Langton, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . LANGTONN = T . L. 1D.
  • Reverse: BIRR . MARCHANT = A thistle.

BLACKWROTH (Co. KILDARE)

Cusack, Thomas

  • Obverse: THO . CVSACK . AT . BLACKWROTH = A sword.
  • Reverse: IN . THE . COVNTY . OF . KILDARE.

BORRISOCANE (Co. TIPPERARY)

Woollford, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . WOOLLFORD = A bell. T . C . W.
  • Reverse: MARCHANT . OF . 1668 = BVRRISCANE. 1D.

BORRISOLEIGH (Co. TIPPERARY)

Radford, Stephen

  • Obverse: STEPHEN . RADFORD = A lion.
  • Reverse: BVRRESOLE . MARCH = 1D.

BOYLE (Co. ROSCOMMON)

Cormock, Dermott

  • Obverse: CORMOCK . DERMOTT . OF = A boar.
  • Reverse: ABBEY . BOYLE = 1D. 1658.

Dowdall, Stephen

  • Obverse: STEPHEN . DOWDALL = A duck.
  • Reverse: OF . BOYLL . MERCHANT = S . D. | 1D.

Munns, Edward

  • Obverse: EDWARD . MVNNS = A knot. 1D.
  • Reverse: IN . BOYLE . 1678 = Arms : three bezants, on a chief four others.

BROUGHSHANE (Co. ANTRIM)

Andrew, Samuel

  • Obverse: SAMVEL . ANDREW . MRT = 1D. An ornamented knot.
  • Reverse: IN . BROVGHSHAIN = S . A. Merchant’s mark.

CALEDON (Co. TYRONE)

Speare, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . SPEARE . OF = I . S. 1D.
  • Reverse: CALLEDON . TANER = A dog.

CARLOW (Co. CARLOW)

Masters, John

Robert Malcomson's engraving of John Masters' penny token (Carlow, 1657)

Robert Malcomson’s engraving of John Masters’ penny token (Carlow, 1657)

Writing for , Robert Malcomson described this penny token as being “of brass, weighing about 25 grains, is the only one of the Carlow issue which bears a date. I presume it to have been one of the earliest in the series, though it is not now the most rare.”

  • Obverse: IOHN . MASTERS . 1657 = 1D.
  • Reverse: IN . CARTHELOVGH = A bull.
  • Photo

The issuer was Portreve of Carlow in 1660, and is named in “The Sufferings of the Quakers” as having caused to be apprehended in that year twelve Quakers for meeting together in the fear of the Lord, and he committed them to prison till the next Session without examination or Mittinius. They were afterwards fined £320.

The Portreve resided “within ye gate,” and his name is returned in that district of the town now representing Dublin Street in a schedule to an applotment of vestry cess made October 13, 1669, in which he is assessed at 10s., being the highest amount charged upon any individual is the list.

A Portleve was “a bailiff or mayor charged with keeping the peace and with other duties in a port or market borough at this time in Ireland”

Moore, Thomas

Robert Malcomson's engraving of Thomas Moore's penny token (Carlow)

Robert Malcomson’s engraving of Thomas Moore’s penny token (Carlow)

  • Obverse: THOMAS . MOORE . OF = A stag.
  • Reverse: CARLO . POSTMASTER = 1D.

The name of Moore appears in the vestry assessment of 1669, but this particular issuer is not named. he name of Thomas Moore does not appear in the vestry assessment of 1669, on which, however, we find a 4? John Moore” residing ” without ye gate, and a ” Peter Moore,” an inhabitant of Tullow-street.

Postmasters’ tokens are also known for Antrim, Belburbet and Youghall at this time.

Quigley, Garrett

Robert Malcomson's engraving of Garrett Quigley's penny token (Carlow)

Robert Malcomson’s engraving of Garrett Quigley’s penny token (Carlow)

Frederick Haughton, from whose cabinet this token was taken, informed Robert Malcomson (On Merchants’ Tokens Struck in the Towns of Carlow, Bagnalstown and Tullow, Journal of the Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, Vol. 1, No. 2 (1869), pp. 244-254) that ” curiously enough they are all three from a different die, although after the same pattern ; the number of strings in the harp vary in each.”

  • Obverse: GARRETT. QVIGLEY = A harp.
  • Reverse: OF . CARLO . MARCH = G . Q. 1D.
  • Photo

By a charter, dated April 19, 1613, James I. granted certain privileges to the inhabitants of the town. By the charter the Corporation was to consist of “the portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty of the borough of Carlow.”  The privileges granted were confirmed by Charles II. by a charter made in 1675, changing the style of the Corporation to that of “The Sovereign, free burgesses, and communitie of the borough of Catherlough.”

James II. seized to himself all the liberties and privileges of the town, by a decree of his Court of Exchequer, of his own “special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion” ; the charter granted by the late King was abrogated, and another granted in its stead, bearing date February 24, 4th year of reign Jas. II. By it the King did “make, nominate, and contstitute Garrett Quigley, merchant, to be time first and modern soveraigne of the said burrough.” John Quigley (probably a near relative of the sovereign) was also nominated in the charter Town Clerk for life. 

The burgesses, now increased to the number of 24, were named as follows: Sir Laurence Esmond, Bart; Henry Berkeley, Esq. ; John “Warren, Esq. ; Pierce Bryan, Esq. ; Major Charles Cavanagh, Insigne Callaghane McCallaghan, Francis Eustace, Esq. ; John Baggott, Esq. ; Patrick Walle, Esq. Hubert ; Kelly, Esq. ; Marcus Baggott, Esq. ; Edmond Jones, Esq. ,* William Cooke, Esq. ; Oliver Grace, Esq. ; John Dwyer, Esq. ; John Grace, gent. ; Pierce Byrne, gent. ; Edmond Dwyer, apothecary ; John Browne, gent. ; Edmond Carrell, merchant ; Thomas Keegan, merchant; Henry Webbber, merchant ; Thomas Chanders, nayler, and Samuel Barrett, gent.”

The Quigleys were of a Munster stock, hailing from county Tipperary. “Garret Quigley in Lisma lin 1659” is the inscription on a token, quoted in Dr. A. Smith’s Catalogue, communicated to the Royal Irish Academy in 1849. Whether this was the same individual as the Garrett Quigley of Carlo can only be matter of conjecture; but if he emigrated from Lismalin and settled here, he must have done so prior to 1669 (when he was named in the vestry documents).

He appears to have resided in Dublin Street, and, judging from the amount of his assessment, probably, occupied one of the best positions in the town.  He is said to have taken away the oak timber from the castle of Carlow, and with it roofed the houses at the Market Cross during the year of his reign over the town.

According to tradition, “finding the castle of Carlow in ruins since Oliver [Cromwell]’s time, he took away the oak timber, and with it roofed the houses at the Market Cross of Carlow.” 

In 1693, in the vestry records of the parish church, we find his name appearing as a donor of £10 towards the “repayre of the church,” which is one-third part of the entire amount raised by the parish.  Malcomson stated “the family does not now exist in Carlow.”

Renolds, Edward

Robert Malcomson's engraving of Edward Renolds' penny token (Carlow)

Robert Malcomson’s engraving of Edward Renolds’ penny token (Carlow)

  • Obverse: EDWARD . RENOLDS = Arms of the Reynolds family : a lion rampant between three escallops.
  • Reverse: OF . CARLO . MARCHANT 1D.

In 1675, King Charles II. granted a new charter to the borough of Catherlough, in which His Ma jesty appointed Robert Browne, Esq., to be sovereign, and in which he named “Edward Reynolds, gentleman,” in company with Sir John Povey, Knight, Chief Justice of the Court of Chief Place in the Kingdom of Ireland, Sir William Temple, Bart., John Nicholas, Esq., Robert Browne, Esq., John Warren, Esq., Robert Curtis, Michael Headey gent., Samuel Blackshaw, gent, Sir Thomas Butler, Bart., Sir John Davellier, Knight, Henry Berkeley, Esq., and John Tench, gent., to be the first and modern twelve free burgesses of the said borough, Mr. Reynolds ranking fifth on the list.

At the time of granting of this new charter he filled the office of deputy-portreve under the charter of James I. He afterwards became sovereign of the borough, and is supposed to have died between 1686 and 1694. A Portleve was “a bailiff or mayor charged with keeping the peace and with other duties in a port or market borough at this time in Ireland”

Mr. Reynolds succeeded Mr. Browne as sovereign of the borough. His last recorded attendance at vestry was on the 26th of April, 1686; and as we miss his name from “An Account of those that hath seats in Church of Carlo, and paid their money for, to Samuel Keeler and Henry Carter, Church wardens for the Parish in the year 1694,” but find therein the name of “Mrs. Mary Reynolds” (probably his widow), we presume him to have died in the interval between the years 1686 and 1694.

Reynalds, Thomas

Robert Malcomson's engraving of Thomas Reynald's penny token (Carlow)

Robert Malcomson’s engraving of Thomas Reynald’s penny token (Carlow)

  • Obverse: THO . REYNALDS = Arms of the Reynolds family.
  • Reverse: OF . CARLOW . TANER = 1D.

Robert Malcomson states “Of Thomas Reynalds I have no information beyond what his token conveys, that he followed the business of tanner, a trade which, until a very recent period, was a lucrative and important one in the town of Carlow.”

CARRICK (Co. TIPPERARY)

Aylward, Peter

  • Obverse: PETER . AYLWARD = Arms : two fleurs-de-lys in chief, a crescent in base.
  • Reverse: CARRICK . MARC = 1D.

Devereux, Walter

  • Obverse: WALTER . DEVEREVX = W . D . in monogram.
  • Reverse: OF . CARRIKE . MAR = H . A. 69.

CARRICKFERGUS (Co. ANTRIM)

Burnes, Henry

  • Obverse: HENERY . BVRNES = A castle.
  • Reverse: IN . CARICKFERGVS = 1D. and two roses.

Hall, Anthony

  • Obverse: ANTHONY . HALL . IN = A castle.
  • Reverse: CARRICKFERGVS . 1656 = = A . H. 1D.

Hall, Anthony

Another similar, half the size, and without date.

  • Obverse: ANTHONY . HALL . IN = A castle.
  • Reverse: CARRICKFERGVS . = A . H. 1D.

Hall, Anthony

This has been struck on another coin.

  • Obverse: A . H . 1D. filling the field.
  • Reverse: C . F . B. = A castle of three towers.

Magee, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . MAGEE . OF = A castle.
  • Reverse: CARRICKFERGVS = 1D. W . M . G.

Wadman, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . WADMAN = A castle.
  • Reverse: CARRICKFERGVS = I . W . D. (for the issuer’s initials, and 1D.).

Willoughby, Andrew

  • Obverse: ANDREW . WILLOVGHBY = A castle.
  • Reverse: OF . CARRICKFARGVS = A . W. 1D.

CARRICKMACROSS (Co. MONAGHAN)

Barton, William

  • Obverse: W . B . AT . CARRACKNAKROSS = Arms : three boars’ heads.
  • Reverse: WHEN . YOV . PLEASE . ILE (CHAINGE . THES in a second circle), in the centre 1D.

W . B. are the initials, and the arms are those of William Barton, Esq ., who rented the barony at the period.

CARRICK-ON-SUIR (Co. TIPPERARY)

Daye, Philip

  • Obverse: PHILIP . DAYE . MARCHANT = A stag trippant in a shield.
  • Reverse: OF . CARRICKMASHVRE = 1D.

CASHEL (Co. TIPPERARY)

Boyton, Peter

Aquilla Smith's engraving of Peter Boyton's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of Peter Boyton’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: PEETER . BOYTON = A harp.
  • Reverse: OF . CASHILL . MARCHN = 1D. with two stars of five points.

Peter Boyton is one of the subscribing witnesses to the will of Edward Mihill, dated February 6, 1663 (see hereafter). The name appears amongst the names of Common Council and Aldermen appointed in 1687 by the charter of James II., and amongst those in the marriage registry of about that date.  In the old cathedral upon the rock there is a small shield, upon which are the arms of Boyton, three spur-rowels, with the name of Boyton in old English letters.  There is a townland of the name of Boytonrath within a few miles of the city of Cashell.

Kearney, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . KEARNEY = A plain cross, with a pellet in each quarter.
  • Reverse: CASHELL . MARCT = E . K . 1D., with four small annulets.

Kearney, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . KEARNEY = A plain cross, with a rose in each quarter.
  • Reverse: CASSHELL . 1666 = 1D.

Kearney, Edmond

Aquilla Smith's engraving of Edmond Kearney's halfpenny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of Edmond Kearney’s halfpenny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: EDMOND . KEARNEY = A cross patée.
  • Reverse: CAS | SHEL | HALFE | PENY (in four lines).
  • Photo

Kearney, Edmond

Aquilla Smith's engraving of Edmond Kearney's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of Edmond Kearney’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: EDMOND . KEARNEY = A cross, with a pellet in each quarter.
  • Reverse: CASHELL . MARCHT = E . K. with four annulets and 1D.

Kearney, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . KEARNEY = A plain cross, with a pellet in each quarter.
  • Reverse: CASSHELL . MARCT = E . K. 1D., with four pellets (the D over the I is reversed).

The issuer was one of the Common Council appointed under the charter above mentioned, and by the same charter two of the same name were appointed Aldermen, and three of the same name Common Councillors, so that evidently the family was of some importance at the time.  The issuer was most probably connected with the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cashell, David Kearney, who was descended from a family whose name was long honourably connected with Cashell, and who was born in 1568. It is probable that from this dignitary the crozier which belonged to St. Patrick came into possession of the Kearney family, in whose hands the precious relic remained until handed over to the late Most Rev. Dr. Stattery, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cashell ; and it now constitutes a part of the crozier in the possession of the present Archbishop.  The relic, the authenticity of which can be proved by legal evidence, conferred upon the family of its possessors the proud title of “Kearney Crux.”  Monuments to various members of the family in Cashell attest to the importance of its status in the seventeenth century.

Mihill, Edward

Aquilla Smith's engraving of Edward Mihill's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of Edward Mihill’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: EDWARD . MIHILL = A cathedral.
  • Reverse: OF . CASHALL = E . M. 1D. and five stars of five points.

The issuer is believed to have been a retired trooper of Cromwell’s, and his will appears in the district registry of the Probate Court, Waterford, and in it he bequeaths all his properly to his wife, and appoints her sole executrix. It is dated February 6, 1663, and probate was granted June 10, 1663.

Neve, John

Aquilla Smith's engraving of John Neve's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of John Neve’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: IOHN . NEVE = Arms of the family : on a cross five fleurs-de-lys.
  • Reverse: IN . CASSHELL = I . N. 1D.

The name of John Neve, sen., is found as witness to a will of John Neve, dated 1667, and a John Neaves was buried February 28, 1672. The will of John Neve, dated December 25, 1667, is in existence, and is supposed to be the will of the issuer ; and the family continued to reside in Cashell until the year 1820, when it became extinct by death.

Peene, John

Aquilla Smith's engraving of John Peene's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of John Peene’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: IOHN . PEENE = The Arms of the Neve family, as above.
  • Reverse: IN . CASSHELL = I . P. 1D. and two cinquefoils.

The token is very rare, and the name has not been found at present in the documents or archives of Cashell. There are poor people of the name of Pyne in Cashell, who are probably descended fiom the issuer.

Prince, Robert

Aquilla Smith's engraving of Robert Prince's penny token (Cashel)

Aquilla Smith’s engraving of Robert Prince’s penny token (Cashel)

  • Obverse: ROBART . PRINCE = A castle.
  • Reverse: OF . CASHELL . 1664 = 1D. and two stars of five points.
  • Photo

Robert Prince was City Treasurer ; there are several entries in the old Corporation Books in which his name is mentioned: in 1672, Mr. Robert Prince to pay £5 to the Town Clerk. The following order was made May 3rd, 1673, and is interesting of itself: ” A tanckard of the value of £10 voted to Richard Melsam, late Mayor, as a signal and remarkable token of the Citties thanks for his good service in his Mayoralty, more particularly for his strong opposing of the seditious rebels pretending right to the King’s sword, and to the Mayorial Jurisdiction and government of the said Citty;” and it was ordered ” that Mr. Robert Prince forthwith pay unto Mr. Joseph Demors hand the sum of ten pounds ster. afores1 for the said use,” this was no doubt ” Darner” of whose riches fabulous stories are told, and who built the Court at Shronell; he was a common councilman of Cashel, and lent money to the Corporation.

June 12th, 1677 “Ordered that Mr. Robert Prince should have a lease of that stone slated house, situate in the middle row in Cannafee street, opposite the water pype.

28th Sept., 1678 “Ordered that Mr. Robert Prince doe pay out of this half years rent, ending at Michaelmas 1781, to ye Lord Lieutenants Serjeants at Mace, the sum of fifteen pounds sixteen shillings and eight pence, and seven shillings and sixpence to Thomas Robinson, Esq., Mayor of this Citty, for money expended by him for their treatment.

7th May, 1680. Thomas Meagher was at a former meeting ordered to be paid by Mr. Robert Prince the sum of £1. 10. 0, ” which said sureity the so Mr. Prince upon some reasons best known to himself hath hitherto delayed to pay,” ordered ” that it be paid without any further delay or pretence whatsoever.” “

15th December, 1683. “£50 to be raised in order to the renewing of the Charter.” Robert Prince, Alderman, lent the amount to the Corporation.

Robert Prince died in 1686 ; the following entry of his burial is taken from the Parish Registry: “Robert Prince was buried at Se. John’s, May 10th, 1686.”

CASTLECHICHESTER (Co. ANTRIM)

Brice, Robert

  • Obverse: ROB . BRICE . AVTH . OF = Arms : in chief three mullets, in base two crescents.
  • Reverse: CASTLECHICHESTER = 1671. 1D.

CASTLEDERMOT (Co. KILDARE)

Aderly, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . ADERLY = A horse-shoe.
  • Reverse: CASTLE . DERMOT . SMITH = 1D. A hammer and pincers in saltire.

Clinton, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . CLINTON . OF = A lion gardant to the left.
  • Reverse: CASTELLDERMONT = 1D.

Marrener, Henry

  • Obverse: HENERY . MARRENER = A glove.
  • Reverse: OF . CASTLEDERMOTT = 1D.

CASTLEFEINE (Co. DONEGAL)

Calhoune, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . CALHOVNE = A cask. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . CASTELFIN = I . C. A merchant’s mark.

CAVAN (Co. CAVAN)

Ballard, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . BALLARD = A swan.
  • Reverse: IN . CAVAN . 1667 = I . M . B.

CHARLEMONT (Co. ARMAGH)

Chads, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . CHADS . MERCHANT = Two guns crossed.
  • Reverse: IN . CHARLEMONT = A castle.

Parrey, Edward

  • Obverse: EDWARD . PARREY = 1D.
  • Reverse: CHARLEY . MOVHT = St. George and the Dragon.

CHARLEVILLE (Co. CORK)

Butler, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . BVTTELER . IOHN . EXHAM = A star of eight points.
  • Reverse: IN . CHARLEVILLE . 1668 = A Catherine wheel.

Cowen, Robert

  • Obverse: ROBERT . COWEN . IN = A thistle crowned. 79.
  • Reverse: CHARLEVILLE = A castle ; the Arms of Charleville.

Penney, A.W.

  • Obverse: A . W . PENNEY . 1667 = A bear with chain.
  • Reverse: C . CHARLIVELL = St. George and the Dragon.

Yeomans, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . YEOMANS . HIS . PENNY = IN CORKE . 78. Two busts facing each other.
  • Reverse: The Fruiterers’ Arms. CHARLEVILE counterstruck across the field.

CLARE COUNTY

White, David

  • Obverse: CLARE = A castle.
  • Reverse: LIMERICK = A castle.

In Clare, there is only one known issuer, a merchant called David White. Interestingly, the name of David White, a Limerick merchant, appears among those transplanted from Limerick during the Cromwellian Plantation. Following the Cromwellian settlement, new settlers had replaced the pre-1641 Limerick merchant families. These were original Old English Catholic merchants and were forbidden by law to live in walled towns, who then settled in Ennis.

One such family were the Whites. This family first came to public attention when James II appointed a man called David White as the Provost, or Portreve of Ennis, while Andrew White, also a merchant, became one of 12 burgesses who together with the provost, elected the two members to represent the borough in Parliament. David White issued both half-penny and penny trade tokens.

CLONAKILTY (Co. CORK)

Clonakilty

  • Obverse: A coat-of-arms.
  • Reverse: CLOVGHNIKILTY . PENNY = Counterstruck I . B . FAR THING.

Clonakilty

  • Obverse: A coat-of-arms.
  • Reverse: CLOGHNIKILTY . PENNY (not counterstruck).

The old name for Clonakilty was Clochnakilty.

CLONES (Co. MONAGHAN)

Parke, William

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . PARKE . IN = 1664. 1D.
  • Reverse: CLOWNIS . MARCHAN = W . P.

Scofield, Joseph

  • Obverse: IOSEPH . SCOFIELD = Three crowns.
  • Reverse: IN . CLOVNIS . 1670 = 1D.

CLONFERT (Co. GALWAY)

Butler, Thomas

  • Obverse: THO . BVTLER . MARCHANT = Two croziers in saltire. T . B. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONFERT . 1676 = A mitre.

Butler, Thomas

  • Obverse: THO . BVTLER. MERCHANT = Arms : three covered cups.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONFERT . HIS . HAPENY = A mitre.

Colman, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . COLMAN . IN = A swan.
  • Reverse: CLONFERT . MARC = I . C. 1D.

CLONMEEN (Co. CORK)

Clonmeen

  • Obverse: CLONMEEN . PENNEY = T . C. 72.
  • Reverse: A horse under a tree, a harp at the side.

CLONMEL (Co. TIPPERARY)

Clonmel

  • Obverse: I . B . OF . CLONMELL = 1658. 1D.
  • Reverse: FOR . CITTY . AND . COVNTY = A bridge, on which is a stag pursued by a dog ; a fish below the bridge.

Carleton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . CARLETON . OF = A bridge of five arches, on which is a stag pursued by a dog.
  • Reverse: CLONMELL . MERCHANT = R. C. | 1D.

Carr, George

  • Obverse: GEORGE . CARR = Arms of the Carr family : on a bend between three Cornish choughs, as many —–
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMELL = G . C. 1D. 1656.

Fryers, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . FRYERS . 1668 = A ship.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMEL . PEVTERER = 1D.

Hamerton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . HAMERTON = 1657.
  • Reverse: IN . CLONMELL . 1657 = R . H.

Hamerton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . HAMERTON = A bridge of five arches, on which is a stag pursued by a dog.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMELL . 1664 = A fish.

Hamerton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . HAMERTON = A dolphin. 1D.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMELL = A bridge of five arches, over which is a stag pursued by a dog
  • Photo

Hamerton, Richard

  • Obverse: RICHARD . HAMERTON = R . H. between two dotted circles.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMELL = 1657.

Harwood, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . HARWOOD = Three fleurs-de-lys, two and one.
  • Reverse: OF . CLONMELL . MA = 1D.

Henbury, Ann

  • Obverse: ANN . HENBVRY = A harp.
  • Reverse: IN CLONMELL . 1663 = A . H.
  • Photo

Henbury, WIlliam

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . HENBVRY . OF = A harp.
  • Reverse: CLONMELL = 1656 | W . H.

Robeson, Andrew

  • Obverse: ANDREW . ROBESON . OF = Arms of the Robison family : three stags.
  • Reverse: CLONMELL . HIS . 1D. = A woolpack

Robeson, Andrew

  • Obverse: ANDREW . ROBESON . OF = Arms of the Robison family : three stags.
  • Reverse: CLONMELL . HIS . counterstruck ½D. over the 1D., to make it pass for a halfpenny. = A woolpack

COLERAINE (Co. LONDONDERRY)

Adams, Thomas

  • Obverse: THOMAS . ADAMS . IN = A pestle and mortar.
  • Reverse: COLERAINE . APOTHECARY = Arms of Coleraine, in a shield.

Browne, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . BROWNE . MARCHT = Unknown.
  • Reverse: IN . COLERAINE = Unknown.

Browne, R.

  • Obverse: R ….. BROWNE . MARCHANT = Arms.
  • Reverse: IN . COALRAINE = R . B. 1D.

Godfrey, WIlliam

  • Obverse: WILL . GODFREY . MARCHANT = Arms.
  • Reverse: IN . COLERAINE = W . G. 1D.

Miller, Alexander

  • Obverse: ALEXANDER . MILLER . 1665 = A cross ; with a sword, a fish, 1D., and a rose, in the quarters.
  • Reverse: IN . COLRAINE . MARCHANT = Arms ; three garbs and three stars.

The Arms of Coleraine are a cross with a sword erect in the first quarter, and a fish in the second.

Rose, William

  • Obverse: WIL . ROSE . OF .COLRAINE = A bear passant.
  • Reverse: EXCHANGE . FOR . A . CAN = A rose on its stalk.

The device of a rose refers to the issuer’s name, the bear to the article “beer,” which the token was changeable. Another Boniface’s double-entendre is on a token of Thomas Dawson.

Twaddle, John

  • Obverse: IOHN . TWADDELL . MART = Arms.
  • Reverse: IN . COLERAINE . 1667 = 1D. I . T.

Wilson, Gilbert

  • Obverse: GILBERT . WILLSON = Arms, in shield 76.
  • Reverse: OF . COLERANE . MART = A merchant mark between G . W.

COLLOONEY (Co. SLIGO)

Dowdall, Henry

  • Obverse: HENNERY . DOWDALL = H . D.
  • Reverse: OF. COOLLVNY . MARC = 1671. 1D.

Browne, I.A.

  • Obverse: IA . BROWNE . FARMER = 1D. in a wreath of flowers.
  • Reverse: OF . EXCISE . IN . CONAGHT = Arms of the Browne family a double-headed eagle displayed.

CORK (Co. CORK)

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: Two large thick strokes and 1646, with a double circle.
  • Reverse: A ship within a double circle, square and very rough in work.

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: A castle within a dotted circle.
  • Reverse: CORK within a dotted circle, square and very archaic in appearance.

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: Plain.
  • Reverse: CORKE and a crown over, with a small double circle stamped near the edge of the piece, a rough, jagged piece of brass, oval shape, weight fifty-six grains.

The above are figured in Lindsay’s “Irish Coinage”

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: A . CORK . PENNY . 1659 = C . C. [City of Cork].
  • Reverse: THE . ARMES . OF . CORK = A ship in full sail between two castles.
  • Photo

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: A . CORCK . HALFE . PENNY = A ship and castle.
  • Reverse: C . C. 1656 within an ornamented border.

Cork Corporation

  • Obverse: A . CORKE. FARTHING = Arms : St. George’s cross.
  • Reverse: A . CORKE . FARTHING = Arms : a harp.

There are two sizes of this token, one about the size of a halfpenny, and the other farthing sized.

Ballard, WIlliam

  • Obverse: WILLIAM . BALLARD . HIS . PENNY = CORKE . 1677.
  • Reverse: (No legend.) The King’s bust, and three crowns on the royal oak ; below a horseman, and a soldier on foot.

This is thicker than the ordinary tokens, and has an inscription on the edge in raise letters.

  • A variety of this token has a countermark on it of “Corke” in a small beaded cross.

Bratian, James

  • Obverse: IAMES . BRATIAN . IN = A harp.
  • Reverse: CORK . MARCHANT = 1D. over I . S.

Goble, Edward

  • Obverse: EDWARD . GOBLE . OF = A castle between E . G.
  • Reverse: CORK . BRAZIER . 1672 = A brazier.

Kavanach, Edward

  • Obverse: EDWARD . KAVANACH = Unknown.
  • Reverse: OF . CORK . MARCHAN = Unknown.

Matthews, Philip

  • Obverse: P . M . MAYOR . 1658 = CORK . CITTY.
  • Reverse: (No legend.) A ship between two castles.

The initials are those of Philip Matthews, Mayor of Cork 1658.

Morris, Jonas

  • Obverse: IONAS . MORRIS . OF . CORK = I . M. 1657.
  • Reverse: (No legend.) A ship between two castles.

Jonas Morris was Mayor of Cork in 1651.

Morris, Jonas

  • Obverse: IONAS . MORRIS . OF . CORK = I . M.
  • Reverse: The Arms of Cork : a ship between two castles.

Jonas Morris was Mayor of Cork in 1651.

Yeomans, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMON . YEOMANS . HIS . PENNY = Two busts facing each other IN CORKE . 78.
  • Reverse: The Fruiterers’ Arms.

Yeomans, Edmond

  • Obverse: EDMOND . YEOMANS . HIS . PENNY = Two busts facing each other IN CORKE . 69.
  • Reverse: The Fruiterers’ Arms.

Young, George

  • Obverse: GEORGE . YOVNG = A castle.
  • Reverse: IN . CORKE = G .Y.

COWREY / GOREY? (Co. WEXFORD)

Cavanach, Edward

  • Obverse: EDWARD . CAVENACH = A boat.
  • Reverse: OF . COWRY . MARCHT = 1D.

_________________________________________________________

Bibliography & Further Reading

Online

Books

  • William Boyne‘s “Tokens issued in the seventeenth century in England, Wales, and Ireland by corporations, merchants, tradesmen, etc”
    • described and illustrated by William Boyne. with forty-two plates. London: J.R. smith, 1858
  • George C. Williamson‘s “Trade Tokens Issued in the Seventeenth Century” (2 vols. 1889-1891)
  • Michael Dickenson‘s “Seventeen Century Tokens of the British Isles & their Values” is a further update (1986)
  • Paul & Bente R. Withers “The Token Book” (Galata, 2010)

Journals

Rice, Gerard

  • The 17th C Tokens of Co Louth, Co Louth Archaeological & Historical Journal, XX, 2, (1982), 96-106
  • The 17th C Tokens of Co Louth, Co Louth Archaeological & Historical Journal, XX, 4, (1984), 297-313
  • The 17th C Tokens of Co Louth, Co Louth Archaeological & Historical Journal, XXI, 1, (1985), 55-71, Illustrated
  • The 17th C Tokens of Co Louth, Co Louth Archaeological & Historical Journal, XXI, 2, (1986), 148-56

Smith, Dr Aquilla 

  • Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (1836-1869) Vol. 4 (1847 – 1850), pp. xxvii-liv
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2 thoughts on “O’Brien Coin Guide: 17th C Irish Tradesmens’ Tokens (Annamoe – Cowrey)

  1. Hi James

    Sorry to post this here. but I was wondering whether you had any Irish Tokens of Gregory Kane from Dame Street (He was a Camp Equipage and Portmanteau maker).

    I looked hard but couldn’t find an email address to email you privately.

    Kind regards
    Jordan

    Like

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