O’Brien Banknote Guide: Ten Pounds, Irish Banknote “B Series”


Introduction

As early as 1971, the Central Bank of Ireland announced its intention to produce new banknotes to replace the long-lived Lady Lavery issue which had been printed by the Bank of England in London and circulating in Ireland since 1928. They sub-contracted the design phase to Servicon – an Irish design company, to design the notes of the denominations; £1, £5, £10, £20, £50 and £100.

  • The £100 note was never issued or circulated
  • The “B Series” is the only set of Irish banknotes without a note of this denomination
  • It has been speculated that a proposal to have Granuaile (the Irish Pirate Queen) feature on the “B Series” £100
    • It is rumoured that Servicon produced a proof of the £100 note (but none have been recorded)
    • It is also rumoured that Servicon “had some Pre-Production Designs (but none have been recorded)
    • Their existence has never been confirmed by Servicon or the Central Bank of Ireland

The theme chosen for these notes was history of Ireland, and each note featured the portrait of a person with this theme in mind from a particular era from historic to modern, alongwith ‘complementing’ visual elements. The female head painted by Sir John Lavery was retained from Series A as a watermark and appeared in the blank space on each design.

  • Each banknote has the signature of the Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland and the Secretary of the Department of Finance
  • Variances in these signatures accounts for the 4 varieties (types) of this banknote

Foreign collectors found it difficult to legally acquire examples of the £50 note since, for much of the period of circulation of this series, foreign exchange controls prohibited the export of any notes larger than £20 from the Republic of Ireland. Of course, this probably didn’t cause too much of a problem for ‘determined’ collectors.

The “B Series” Ten Pound Note

This ten pound note was issued between 1976 and 1982 by the Central Bank of Ireland, being replaced in 1993 by so-called “C Series” banknotes.

  • Obverse: The predominantly purple-coloured ten pounds had a portrait of Dean Jonathan Swift the poet and satirist. The background contains a reproduction of the coat of arms of Dublin from a city council resolution against a letter by Swift from April 1735.
  • Reverse: The back of the note featured a portion of a map of Dublin which was published by John Rocque in 1756 – showing Great Abbey Street, Batchelors’ Walk and Aston’s Quay – now known as Middle Abbey Street and Aston Quay. respectively. In between, as all Dubliners know, flows the River Liffey, or Anna Livia to the poets among us.
  • Size: 86 mm X 164 mm
1981 B Series £10 Banknote - Jonathaan swith, the controversial Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral in the 18th C.

1981 B Series £10 Banknote – Jonathaan Swift, the sometimes controversial Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral in the 18th C.

John (Jean) Rocque moved to England with his parents, who were French Huguenot émigrés. It is hard to understate Rocque’s importance – while other mapmakers had issued such large-scale maps before, no individual had attempted such a broad range.

  • Rocque is now mainly remembered for his Map of London. He began work on this in 1737 and it was published in 24 printed sheets in 1747.
  • It was by far the most detailed map of London published up to that time, and remains an important historical resource.
  • In addition to his work as surveyor and mapmaker, Rocque was an engraver and map-seller.

His 1756 map of Dublin featured the Area around Dublin City on a series of four maps. They extended as far as Skerries and Cardy Rocks to the North, Carton House (Maynooth, Co Kildare) to the west, Blessington, Co Wicklow to the south west, and Enniskerry (also in Co Wicklow) to the south.

How many “B Series” £10 notes were issued?

Jonathan Swift Type 1 132,000,000 13 dates  1978-81
CCC 7 replacements
Type 2 94,000,000 9 dates  1983-87
HHH 4 replacements
Type 3 127,000,000 13 dates  1987-92
HHH 4 replacements

A total of £3.353 million worth of these banknotes were issued.

There are 3 main varieties of this banknote, according to the signatures that appear on left-hand side of the note.

  • Type 1 (1978-81)
    • Signatures = C. H. Murray & Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh
    • 1978-81 B Series £10, Type 1,  signatures C. H. Murray & Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh

      1978-81 B Series £10, Type 1, signatures C. H. Murray & Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh

  • Type 2 (1982-87)
    • Signatures = Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh & Maurice Doyle
    • 1982-87 B Series £10, Type 2,  signatures Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh & Maurice Doyle

      1982-87 B Series £10, Type 2, signatures Tomás F. Ó Cofaigh & Maurice Doyle

  • Type 3 (1988-93)
    • Signatures = Maurice Doyle & S. P. Cromien
    • 1988-93 B Series £10, Type 3, signatures Maurice Doyle & S. P. Cromien

      1988-93 B Series £10, Type 3, signatures Maurice Doyle & S. P. Cromien

       

Who was Dean Swift?

Jonathan Swift (1667–1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. He had a ‘cutting’ turn of phrase and rarely held back in his criticism of others. He also a very  dry sense of humour – once suggesting that the poor of Dublin should eat their young – instantly solving the population explosion of poor people and the food shortages that seemed to be ever present. Despite this, he was immensely popular and, in some circles, is considered an Irish patriot.

He was born into a literary family with all sorts of interesting connections on both sides of the family.

  • His grandmother, Elizabeth (Dryden) Swift, was the niece of Sir Erasmus Dryden, grandfather of the poet John Dryden.
  • The same grandmother’s aunt, Katherine (Throckmorton) Dryden, was a first cousin of Elizabeth, wife of Sir Walter Raleigh.
  • His great-great grandmother, Margaret (Godwin) Swift, was the sister of Francis Godwin, author of The Man in the Moone which influenced parts of Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels.
  • His uncle, Thomas Swift, married a daughter of the poet and playwright Sir William Davenant, a god-son of William Shakespeare.

From a literary viewpoint, Swift is remembered for works such as Gulliver’s Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, Drapier’s Letters, The Battle of the Books, An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity and A Tale of a Tub. He is regarded by the Encyclopædia Britannica as the foremost prose satirist in the English language, and is less well known for his poetry. He originally published all of his works under pseudonyms – such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, M.B. Drapier – or anonymously. He is also known for being a master of two styles of satire, the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.

  • Swift received his M.A. from Hart Hall, Oxford in 1692 and became an ordained priest in the Established Church of Ireland
  • In 1694 he was appointed to the prebend of Kilroot in the Diocese of Connor, near Carrickfergus, Co Antrim
  • From there, he moved to Laracor, Agher and Rathbeggan, and then, the prebend of Dunlavin in St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin
  • In February 1702, Swift received his Doctor of Divinity degree from Trinity College, Dublin
  • When he died, in 1745 (aged 78), he left the bulk of his fortune (£12,000) to found a hospital for the mentally ill, originally known as St Patrick’s Hospital for Imbeciles, which opened in 1757, and which still exists today as a psychiatric hospital
  • He is buried in St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin

From a numismatic viewpoint, he is the Mr Drapier that published those nasty Drapier’s Letters accusing the English government of foisting underweight copper tokens on the poor people of Ireland, instead of proper money. 

Essays, tracts, pamphlets, periodicals

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