There are five main classes of coins in the Hiberno-Norse, Phase I series

O’Brien Rare Coin Guide: Hiberno-Norse, Phase 1 (AD 995–1022)

Introduction The first phase of the Hiberno-Norse coinages were imitations of contemporary Anglo-Saxon coins. They were produced in Dublin but closely copied the style of the silver pennies of Aethelred II of England and his successor Cnut. Since the English coin designs changed periodically, the dating and sequence of their Hiberno-Norse equivalents can be identified…

1647 Bandon farthing - Obverse BB in circle, Reverse 3 castles, 1 above 2 in circle

O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Coinage of the Cities of Refuge (Bandon 1646-49)

Bandon in 1641 The rural counties of Leinster, Munster and Ulster were sparsely populated by Protestant settlers that had been given land in recent plantations. In many places, the Catholic tenants that had previously worked the farms were still in the locality and subsisted as landless outlaws (woodkerne, or tories). When rebellion broke out, some…