GB & Ireland copper pennies (1825-60) are very sought after by collectors. They are often found in attic clearances and car boot sales in Ireland. The comparatively soft metal results in few coins surviving in higher grades. Many varieties exist and the main ones have been listed below.
Prior to ascension, George IV served as Prince Regent from 1811 until 1820, due to his fathers ill health. His charm and culture earned him the title “the first gentleman of England”, but he was disliked by the general population for his extravagance and lack of leadership during the Napoleonic wars.
His lavish lifestyle contributed to the fashions known as the Regency era. He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste and he was instrumental in the foundation of the National Gallery and King’s College London.
- He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and re-model Buckingham Palace
- He also commissioned Sir Jeffry Wyattville to re-build Windsor Castle.
Copper Penny: George IV
- Laureate head of King George IV facing left.
- Legend: ‘GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA’, date below.
- Translation: George the Fourth, by the Grace of God
- Britannia seated facing right, holding a trident, hand resting on a shield.
- Legend: ‘BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF:’, with a rose, thistle, and shamrock below.
- Full legend in Latin: BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR
- Translation: King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith
- Weight = 18.7 g
- Diameter = 34 mm
- Designer = William Wyon
Mintage & Market Values:
All of the 1827 coins were minted for Australia and, sadly, most of them were corroded on long sea journey. These copper pennies were the last issued for King George IV and are now rare – especially in the higher grades. Market prices reflect the rarity of the better examples.
- Copper Pennies
- Bronze Pennies
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Victoria
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Edward VII
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of George V
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Pennies Struck by the King’s Norton Mint
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1933 British Penny so valuable?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of George VI
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of Elizabeth II
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1954 British Penny so valuable?