GB & Ireland copper pennies (1825-60) are very sought after by collectors. They are often found in attic clearances and car boot sales in Ireland. The comparatively soft metal results in few coins surviving in higher grades. Many varieties exist and the main ones have been listed below.
William IV became king in 1830 at age 62 after the death of his brother (George IV), who had no surviving ‘legitimate’ heirs. Dubbed ‘the sailor king’ for his naval service in his younger years, William had not expected to be King. William did not marry, due primarily to the Royal Marriages Act of 1772, which forbade decendants of George II from marriage without consent from the monarch, or privy council.
- William did have a ‘de facto’ relationship producing many children, none of which were considered legitimate, so had no claim on the throne.
- Victoria thus became queen.
William IV Copper Pennies
- Bare head of King William IV facing right.
- Legend: ‘GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA’, date below.
- Translation: William the Fourth, by the Grace of God
- Britannia seated facing right, holding a trident, hand resting on a shield.
- Legend: ‘BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF:’, with a rose, thistle, and shamrock below.
- Full legend in Latin: BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR
- Translation: King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith
- Weight = 18.7 g
- Diameter = 34 mm
- Designer = William Wyon
Mintage & Market Values:
- Copper Pennies
- Bronze Pennies
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Victoria
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Edward VII
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of George V
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Pennies Struck by the King’s Norton Mint
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1933 British Penny so valuable?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of George VI
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of Elizabeth II
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1954 British Penny so valuable?