GB & Ireland copper pennies (1825-60) are very sought after by collectors. They are often found in attic clearances and car boot sales in Ireland. The comparatively soft metal results in few coins surviving in higher grades. Many varieties exist and the main ones have been listed below.
Victorian Copper Pennies:
Victoria became Queen in 1837 after the death of her uncle (William IV), who had ten children by his long-time mistress Dorothea Jordan (an Anglo-Irish actress and courtesan) but no legitimate heirs.
- Bare head of young Queen Victoria facing left, with ribbons in her hair.
- Legend: ‘VICTORIA DEI GRATIA’, date below.
- Translation: Victoria by the grace of God
- Britannia seated facing right, holding a trident, hand resting on a shield.
- Legend: ‘BRITANNIAR: REG FID: DEF:’, with a rose, thistle, and shamrock below.
- Full Latin text: BRITANNIARUM REGINA FIDEI DEFENSOR
- Translation: Queen of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith
- Weight = 18.7 g
- Diameter = 34 mm
- Designer = William Wyon
Mintage & Market Values:
- All of the 1860 young head copper pennies are 1860/59 over-dates
- They were not issued for circulation
- They are now RARE
- Copper Pennies
- Bronze Pennies
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Victoria
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of Edward VII
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Bronze Pennies of George V
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Ireland Pennies Struck by the King’s Norton Mint
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1933 British Penny so valuable?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of George VI
- O’Brien Coin Guide: GB & Northern Ireland Bronze Pennies of Elizabeth II
- O’Brien Rare Coin Review: Why is the 1954 British Penny so valuable?