Irish Coin Daily: Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer: FAEREMIN)

Irish coin cabinet 7

Date: c. 1020-1035

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Silver Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Moneyer FAEREMIN) Draped bust left, cross pattée behind neck with two pellets above, 1.37g. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin, with Dublin mint signature of Færemin (Moneyer of Dublin) – the most common moneyer of this phase.

  • Weight: 1.37 g
  • Diameter: 18mm
  • Near Extremely Fine (nEF)
    • A bold and attractive example of this variety


  • SCBI Hiberno-Norse 64-66 var. (no pellets behind bust on obverse)
  • D&F 23. S. 6122


Draped bust left; poorly executed cross pattée behind neck, with two pellets above

  • Legend: + SIHTRE RE +DI
  • Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”


Long voided cross, pellet in each angle

  • Legend: + FÆ REM INMO DYFLI
  • Slightly blundered legend, but translates as “FAEREMIN, moneyer of Dublin”



  • Ireland


  • Hiberno-Norse
    • Phase 2
      • Moneyer: Faeremin
  • Hammered


Additional Information:

During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.

  • While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
    • By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes

The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’

  • This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
    • bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
  • On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
  • Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.


Further Reading:





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