Irish Coin Daily: Ormonde Money Threepence, small lozenge between CR and pellets to either side, thick numerals and thick ‘D’ on reverse


Date: 1643-44

 

Ormonde Money, Threepence, lozenge between CR, thick numerals + small 'D', 1.41g (S 6549, DF 306).

Description:

Ormonde Money, Threepence, small lozenge between CR, with pellet to either side on obverse; thick numerals and letter ‘D’ on reverse.

  • Weight: 1.41 g

References: S 6549, DF 306

Well-circulated on a somewhat irregular flan

  • Fine (F)

Obverse:

  • Crowned C·R (for Charles Rex) within a double circle
    • Crown completely enclosed by inner (wire) circle but touches it on either side
    • Small lozenge separates the C and R
    • The serifed ‘C’ and ‘R’ extends outside the inner (wire) circle and the latter touches the outer (beaded) circle

Reverse:

  • Roman numeral III (denoting 3d, or threepence) within a double circle

    • Thick Roman numerals and thick ‘D’ above
    • Serifed Roman numerals touch the inner (wire) circle left and right

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Anglo-Norman
    • House of Stuart
  • Charles I
    • Ormonde Money
    • Also known as:
      • Coins of Necessity
      • Siege Money
  • Hammered

 


Notes:

The ‘Ormonde money’ is so called because it was supposed to have been issued during the Viceroyalty of James, Marquis of Ormonde, who first received his appointment as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland on the 17th November, 1643, and was sworn into office the 21st January following. He was later created Duke of Ormonde and was considered a Royalist – therefore being the enemy of both the Confederate Catholics in Ireland and Cromwell’s Parliamentarians in England during the (simultaneously fought) Great Irish Rebellion and the English Civil War, respectively.

On the 25th May, 1643, a letter was issued at Oxford by the King, in which he directed his Lords Justices in Ireland to encourage his Majesty’s loyal subjects to bring in their plate to the treasury that it might be coined

“into small peeces, to the value of five shillings, halfe-crowns, twelve-pences, six-pences, or of any less value, which several small peeces they shall make of the same weight, value and allay, as our moneys now currant in England of those value respectively are, and shall stamp the same on the one side, with these letters, C. K. for Carolus King, with a crown over those letters, and on the other side with the values of the said several peeces respectively.”    

This broke with the traditional ‘best practise’ whereby Irish silver was valued at less than its English equivalent in order to stop it from flooding out of the country.

 


Other Coins in the Series:

Further Reading:

 

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