Irish Coin Daily: Ormonde Money Groat, pellet between CR, thin numerals on reverse


Date: 1643-44

Ormonde money, Groat, thin numerals on reverse, 1.87g (S 6548, DF 304). Very fine, toned. The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Description:

Charles I, Ormonde money, Groat, thin numerals on reverse.

  • Weight: 1.87 g

References: S 6548; DF 304.

  • Very Fine (VF)
  • Toned.

Obverse:

  • Crowned C·R (for Charles Rex) within a double circle
    • Small pellet between C·R

Reverse:

  • Old Roman numeral IIII (denoting 4 pence) within a double circle

    • Thin numerals

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Anglo-Norman
    • House of Stuart
  • Charles I
    • Ormonde Money
    • Also known as:
      • Coins of Necessity
      • Siege Money
  • Hammered

 


Notes:

The ‘Ormonde money’ is so called because it was supposed to have been issued during the Viceroyalty of James, Marquis of Ormonde, who first received his appointment as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland on the 17th November, 1643, and was sworn into office the 21st January following. He was later created Duke of Ormonde and was considered a Royalist – therefore being the enemy of both the Confederate Catholics in Ireland and Cromwell’s Parliamentarians in England during the (simultaneously fought) Great Irish Rebellion and the English Civil War, respectively.

On the 25th May, 1643, a letter was issued at Oxford by the King, in which he directed his Lords Justices in Ireland to encourage his Majesty’s loyal subjects to bring in their plate to the treasury that it might be coined

“into small peeces, to the value of five shillings, halfe-crowns, twelve-pences, six-pences, or of any less value, which several small peeces they shall make of the same weight, value and allay, as our moneys now currant in England of those value respectively are, and shall stamp the same on the one side, with these letters, C. K. for Carolus King, with a crown over those letters, and on the other side with the values of the said several peeces respectively.”    

This broke with the traditional ‘best practise’ whereby Irish silver was valued at less than its English equivalent in order to stop it from flooding out of the country.

 


Other Coins in the Series:

Further Reading:

 

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