Date: c. 1015-1035
Hiberno-Norse Phase II Long Cross Penny, Sihtric of Dublin (Difelin) and signature; (Faeremin) moneyer of Dublin.
- Weight: 1.16 g
- Diameter: 18mm
- Good VF (gVF)
- SCBI 8 (BM), 75 (for type); SCBI 32 (Ulster), 71 (same dies); SCBC 6125
- Draped bust left; cross pattée behind neck and two pellets in front of face
- + HNTRC RE+ ИFDIN
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Sihtric, King of Dublin”
- Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; pellet in each angle
- + FIE RENI ИFIΘ HΘIH
- Blundered legend, but translates as “Faeremin of Dublin”
- Hiberno-Norse / Hiberno-Scandinavian
- Phase 2
- Long Cross
- Moneyer: Faeremin of Dublin
- Phase 2
During Phase II (c. 1018 to 1035) the coinage became lighter, possibly reflecting the declining fortunes of the Kingdom of Dublin.
- While early Phase I coins weighed about 1.5 grammes
- By Phase II the average weight of the coinage is reduced to 1.2 grammes
The inscriptions (legends) on Phase II coins are, typically, ‘blundered’
- This is a numismatic term for mis-spelt, or a jumble of letters
- bits of the name “Sihtric” and “Dyflin” are still often recognizable.
- On the obverse of Phase II coins, a J-shaped symbol – interpreted as an inverted bishop’s crozier – sometimes appears behind the bust.
- Small pellets, typically, appear in the angles of the long cross on the reverse.
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Anglo-Saxon Coins & Their Links to Ireland
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Who Introduced Anglo-Saxon Coins to Ireland and why ?
- O’Brien Coin Guide: Introduction to the Hiberno-Norse Coinages of the Late 10th & Early 11th C