Irish Coin Daily: Ormonde Money, Crown, lozenge stop (within quatrefoil) between C and R, large, stylised S on reverse


Date: 1643-44

Ormonde Money, Crown, lozenge stop (within quatrefoil) between C and R, stylised S on reverse, 29.13g (S 6544, DF 291). The Old Currency Exchange, Dublin, Ireland.

Ormonde Money, Crown, lozenge stop (within quatrefoil) between C and R, large, stylised S on reverse.

Description:

Ormonde Money, Crown.

  • Weight: 29.13 g

References: S 6544; DF 291.

Well-struck on a full flan

  • Very Fine (VF)
  • Rare

Obverse:

  • Crowned C·R (for Charles Rex) within a double circle
    • Lozenge within a quatrefoil separating the C and R

Reverse:

  • Roman numeral V (denoting 5 Shillings) within a double circle
  • Stylised ‘S’ above.

Country:

  • Ireland

Category:

  • Anglo-Norman
    • House of Stuart
  • Charles I
    • Ormonde Money
    • Also known as:
      • Coins of Necessity
      • Siege Money
  • Hammered

 


Notes:

The ‘Ormonde money’ is so called because it was supposed to have been issued during the Viceroyalty of James, Marquis of Ormonde, who first received his appointment as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland on the 17th November, 1643, and was sworn into office the 21st January following. He was later created Duke of Ormonde and was considered a Royalist – therefore being the enemy of both the Confederate Catholics in Ireland and Cromwell’s Parliamentarians in England during the (simultaneously fought) Great Irish Rebellion and the English Civil War, respectively.

On the 25th May, 1643, a letter was issued at Oxford by the King, in which he directed his Lords Justices in Ireland to encourage his Majesty’s loyal subjects to bring in their plate to the treasury that it might be coined

“into small peeces, to the value of five shillings, halfe-crowns, twelve-pences, six-pences, or of any less value, which several small peeces they shall make of the same weight, value and allay, as our moneys now currant in England of those value respectively are, and shall stamp the same on the one side, with these letters, C. K. for Carolus King, with a crown over those letters, and on the other side with the values of the said several peeces respectively.”    

This broke with the traditional ‘best practise’ whereby Irish silver was valued at less than its English equivalent in order to stop it from flooding out of the country.

 


Other Coins in the Series:

Further Reading:

 

One thought on “Irish Coin Daily: Ormonde Money, Crown, lozenge stop (within quatrefoil) between C and R, large, stylised S on reverse

  1. This variety is struck from false dies, and sometimes described as “contemporary imitations”. They usually have a copper core and surviving examples show areas where the silver plate is flaking. See Lingford for examples, lots # 220 and 222. Nelson also illustrated a similar specimen, mistakenly believing it authentic. They continue to appear on the market and then often withdrawn..

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